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Amphetamine

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Amphetamine

  • Class
  1. Sympathomimetic
  2. Schedule II
  • Preparations
  • Street Names
  1. Bennies
  2. Speed
  3. Pep Pills
  4. Hearts
  5. Wake-ups
  6. Uppers
  • Pharmacokinetics
  1. Amphetamine (5-250 mg): 4-12 hour duration
  • Routes
  1. Swallowed
  2. Intravenous
  3. Smoked (ice or crystal Methamphetamine)
  • Medical uses
  1. Relieves mild depression
  2. Control appetite and Narcolepsy
  • Effects of heavy or prolonged use
  1. Loss of appetite
  2. Delusions
  3. Hallucinations
  4. Toxic Psychosis
  • Signs
  • Toxicity
  1. See Sympathomimetic Toxicity
  2. Similar to Cocaine, longer duration >2 hours
  3. Adverse reaction also similar to Cocaine
  • Toxicity Management
  1. See Sympathomimetic Toxicity
  2. Same as for Cocaine
  3. Ammonium chloride
    1. Acidifies urine
    2. Increases excretion
  4. Avoid Haldol in Amphetamine Overdose
    1. Lowers Seizure threshold