Vitamins

Vitamin A Deficiency

search

Vitamin A Deficiency

  • See Also
  • Causes
  1. Diets lacking Vitamin A (see above sources)
  2. Alcoholism
  3. Liver Disease
  4. Fat malabsorption
    1. Vitamin A is a fat soluble Vitamin
  • Signs
  1. Decreased Visual Acuity
    1. Night Blindness
    2. Retinal deterioration
    3. Blindness (leading cause of preventable childhood blindness worldwide)
  2. Dry bulbar Conjunctiva
  3. Bitot's Spots
    1. Small foamy white or gray Plaques under Conjunctiva
  4. Corneal Ulceration
  5. Endophthalmitis
  6. Skin Hyperkeratosis
  7. Skin dryness
  • Management
  1. Precautions
    1. Narrow spectrum between therapeutic doses and liver toxicity
    2. Avoid excessive intake of Vitamin A
  2. Replacement protocol for Vitamin A Deficiency
    1. Initial
      1. Vitamin A 100,000 units IM daily for 3 days
    2. Next
      1. Vitamin A 50,000 units IM daily for 14 days
    3. Next
      1. Vitamin A 10,000 to 20,000 units orally daily for 2 months
  3. References
    1. Jhun et al. in Herbert (2016) EM:Rap 16(9): 8-10