Hand

Trigger Finger

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Trigger Finger, Tenosynovitis

  • Pathophysiology
  1. Swelling of flexor tendon and sheath
    1. Difficult passage of swollen tendon through pulley
    2. Analogous to knotted fishing line in pole eyes
  2. Congenital form seen in some children
  • Signs and symptoms
  1. Snapping or triggering of affected finger at MCP joint
    1. Worse after rest
    2. Improves with active finger use
  2. Triggering transmitted to DIP joint
    1. Entire finger may lock
  3. Proximal flexor pulley swelling
    1. Tenderness to palpation
    2. Swollen, firm mass palpable at pulley
  • Management
  1. Similar approach as for De Quervain's Tenosynovitis
  2. NSAIDs
  3. Immobilization
  4. Avoid offending activity
  5. Moist heat as needed
  6. Digital Flexor Tenosynovitis Injection
  7. Surgical correction if refractory to above management