Seizure

Post-Traumatic Seizure

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Post-Traumatic Seizure, Posttraumatic Seizure, Post Traumatic Seizure

  • Types
  1. Early Posttraumatic Seizure
    1. Within first 7 days of initial Head Injury
  2. Late Posttraumatic Seizure
    1. Beyond first 7 days from initial Head Injury
  • Risk Factors
  1. Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) <10
  2. Posttraumatic Amnesia >30 minutes
  3. Skull Fracture
  4. Penetrating Head Injury
  5. Intracranial Hemorrhage
  6. Cortical Contusion
  7. Age >65 years old
  8. Chronic Alcoholism
  • Management
  1. See Status Epilepticus
  2. Seizure Prophylaxis Indications based on above risk factors
    1. Recommended for early Posttraumatic Seizure (first 7 days) due potential impact on TBI recovery
    2. Not recommended for late Posttraumatic Seizure prophylaxis due to adverse effects
  3. Seizure Prophylaxis Agents
    1. Phenytoin
      1. Recommended by Brain Trauma Foundation
    2. Levetiracetam (Keppra)
      1. Often used in practice
  • Prognosis
  1. Posttraumatic Seizure itself is not associated with worse prognosis
  2. However, Posttraumatic Seizure does occur more commonly with severe Traumatic Brain Injury