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Medication Causes of Headache

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Medication Causes of Headache, Substance-Induced Headache, Headaches due to Medication

  • Causes
  • Headaches related to medication or substance use
  1. Chemicals
    1. Alcohol
    2. Cocaine
  2. Foods
    1. Monosodium glutamate
    2. Tyramine-Vasoactive Amines
    3. Sodium Nitrite
      1. Processed meats and fish
      2. Food coloring
      3. Preservatives
  3. Anti-infective agents
    1. Amphotericin B
    2. Azithromycin
    3. Fluconazole
    4. Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole (Septra, Bactrim)
    5. Zidovudine
  4. Cardiovascular agents
    1. Calcium Channel Blockers (Nifedipine, Verapamil)
    2. Reserpine
    3. Methyldopa
    4. Nitroglycerin
    5. Dipyridamole (Persantine)
    6. Quinidine
    7. Digoxin
  5. Gastrointestinal Agents
    1. Ondansetron (Zofran)
    2. Ranitidine (Zantac)
    3. Cimetidine (Tagamet)
  6. Analgesics and Anti-Inflammatory agents
    1. Propoxyphene
    2. Pentazocine
    3. Corticosteroids
    4. NSAIDs (associated with Rebound Headache)
      1. Diclofenac (Voltaren)
      2. Indomethacin (Indocin)
  7. Pulmonary Agents
    1. Aminophylline
    2. Theophylline
    3. Pseudoephedrine (Sudafed)
  8. Endocrine Agents
    1. Danazol
    2. Oral Contraceptive
  9. CNS Agents
    1. Levodopa
    2. Amantadine
    3. Benzodiazepines
    4. Methylphenidate (Ritalin)
  1. Chemicals
    1. Alcohol Withdrawal
    2. Barbiturate withdrawal
    3. Caffeine withdrawal
    4. Narcotic Withdrawal
  2. Miscellaneous Agents
    1. Ergotamine withdrawal
  • References
  1. Goldman (2000) Cecil Medicine, Saunders, p. 2066
  2. Edmeads (1997) Postgrad Med 101(5):91-100 [PubMed]