Motor

Periodic Limb Movement

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Periodic Limb Movement, Periodic Limb Movement Sleep Disorder, Nocturnal Myoclonus Syndrome

  • Signs
  1. Periodic, repetitive and stereotypic limb movements (especially legs) during sleep
  2. Diagnosed as a disorder if the lib movements interfere with sleep to cause daytime Somnolence or Fatigue
  • Diagnosis
  1. Diagnosis of exclusion once other sleep disorders are excluded (e.g. Sleep Apnea)
  2. Polysomnogram
    1. Adult: Periodic Limb Movement index >15/hour
    2. Child: Periodic Limb Movement index >5/hour
  • Associated Conditions
  1. Restless Leg Syndrome (most with RLS have Periodic Limb Movements)
  2. REM Sleep Behavior Disorder
  3. Narcolepsy