Anatomy

Neuron

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Neuron, Nerve Cell, Neural Cell, Synapse, Neuraxis Tract, Nerve Fasciculus, Neuraxis Peduncle, Neuraxis Lemniscus

  • Definition
  1. Neuron
    1. Conducting cell of the neurologic system which receives, conducts and transmits small electrical signals
  2. Synapse
    1. Connections between Neurons in which they communicate via chemical signals (neurotransmitters)
  3. Neurologic Pathway
    1. Chain of communicating Neurons
  4. Neuraxis Tract (or fasciculus, peduncle or lemniscus)
    1. Bundle of axons in a pathway within the central nervous system (CNS)
  5. Nerve
    1. Bundle of axons in a pathway within the peripheral nervous system
  • Components
  1. Dendrites
  2. Cell Body
    1. Nucleus
    2. Cytoplasm (perikaryon)
  3. Axon
  • Images
  1. NeuroCellGrayBB629.gif Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
  2. NeuroCellGrayBB626.gif Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)
  3. NeuroCellGrayBB625.gif Lewis (1918) Gray's Anatomy 20th ed (in public domain at Yahoo or BartleBy)