Lab

Sputum Gross Exam

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Sputum Gross Exam, Sputum Color, Sputum Inspection, Rusty sputum, Currant Jelly Sputum

  • Causes
  • Estimate daily volume of Sputum
  • Causes
  • Sputum Color
  1. Bloody Sputum (Hemoptysis)
  2. Rusty sputum (Prune-juice)
    1. Pneumococcal Pneumonia
  3. Purulent Sputum (yellow, green, dirty-gray)
    1. Color alone does not distinguish Bacterial Infection
  1. Frothy Sputum (air bubbles, Hemoglobin)
    1. Pulmonary edema
  2. Foamy, clear material
    1. Saliva
    2. Nasal secretions
  1. Bloody Gelatinous Sputum (Currant Jelly Sputum)
    1. KlebsiellaPneumonia
    2. Pneumococcal Pneumonia
  2. Stringy Mucoid Sputum (may also appear frothy)
    1. Follows Asthma Exacerbation
  3. Cloudy, mucoid Sputum
    1. Chronic Bronchitis
  4. Three layered appearance (stagnant, Purulent Sputum)
    1. Bronchiectasis
    2. Lung Abscess
  • Causes
  • Sputum with Feculent Odor
  1. Anaerobic infection
  2. Bronchiectasis