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Third Generation Broad-Spectrum Cephalosporins

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Third Generation Broad-Spectrum Cephalosporins, Third Generation Cephalosporins, Ceftriaxone, Ceftizoxime, Cefotaxime, Cefpodoxime, Cefixime, Claforan, Rocephin, Vantin

  • Mechanism
  • Spectrum of Activity
  • Preparations
  • Oral agents
  1. Cefixime (Suprax)
    1. Adult
      1. Standard: 400 mg PO divided qd to bid
      2. Gonorrhea: 400 mg PO for single dose
    2. Child: 8 mg/kg/day divided qd to bid
  2. Cefpodoxime (Vantin)
    1. Good activity Gram Positive organisms
      1. Covers Staphylococcus aureus
      2. Covers Pneumococcus
    2. Adult: 100 to 400 mg PO bid
    3. Child
      1. Pharyngitis: 10 mg/kg/day divided bid
      2. Otitis Media: 10 mg/kg/day divided qd
  • Preparations
  • Parenteral agents
  1. Cefotaxime (Claforan)
    1. Most Staphylococcus aureus and Anaerobic activity
    2. Adult: 1 to 2 grams IM or IV every 6 to 8 hours
    3. Child
      1. Standard: 50-150 mg/kg/day IM or IV divided q4-6h
      2. Meningitis: 200 mg/kg/day IV divided q6-8h
      3. Maximum dose: 2 grams
  2. Ceftizoxime (Cefizox)
    1. Moderate Staphylococcus aureus and Anaerobic Activity
    2. Adult: 1 to 2 grams IV every 8 to 12 hours
    3. Child: 50 mg/kg/dose IV every 6 to 8 hours
  3. Ceftriaxone (Rocephin)
    1. Least Staphylococcus and Anaerobic activity
    2. Dilute in Lidocaine 1% for Intramuscular Injection
    3. Adult
      1. Standard: 1-2 grams IM or IV every 24 hours
      2. Gonorrhea: 250 mg IM single dose
    4. Child
      1. Standard: 50-75 mg/kg/day IV divide q12-24 hours
      2. Meningitis: 100 mg/kg/day IV divided q12-24 hours
      3. Otitis Media: 50 mg/kg IM single dose (max: 1g)
      4. Maximum Dose: 2 grams (4 grams for Meningitis)