Lab

Procalcitonin

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Procalcitonin, proCT

  • Indication
  1. Marker for Bacterial Infection
  • Physiology
  1. Peptide produced in the Thyroid, lung and intestin
  2. Calcitonin precursor (involved in calcium homeostasis)
  3. Remains at low levels when well
    1. Increases in inflammatory states
    2. Postulated to increase markedly in Bacterial Infection
  • Efficacy
  • Adults
  • Efficacy
  • Children
  1. See Serious Bacterial Infection in Children (Occult Bacteremia)
  2. Variable efficacy, although initial studies had very high accuracy in septic children
    1. Test Sensitivity: 26-55% for Bacterial Infection
    2. Test Specificity: 75 to 82% for Bacterial Infection
  3. Interpretation
    1. PCT <0.5 ng/ml has a Negative Predictive Value for serious Bacterial Infection of 90%
    2. PCT >0.6 (and WBC >19k, blasts >1.8k, Neutrophils >13k) suggests serious Bacterial Infection
  4. References
    1. Gendrel (1996) J Pediatr 128:570-3 [PubMed]
    2. Olaciregui (2009) Arch Dis Child 94(7): 501-5 +PMID:19158133 [PubMed]
    3. Mahajan (2014) Acad Emerg Med 21(2): 171-9 +PMID:24673673 [PubMed]
  • References
  1. Orman, Herbert, Spiegel in Herbert (2016) EM:Rap 16(10):12-3
  2. Dolatabadi (2015) Niger Med J 56(1):17-22 +PMID:25657488 [PubMed]