Exam

Human Immunodeficiency Virus

search

Human Immunodeficiency Virus, HIV Infection, Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, AIDS

  • Epidemiology
  • Global Statistics: WHO
  1. HIV Prevalence: 36.7 M people worldwide (2015)
    1. Africa alone accounts for 25.5 M cases
    2. Women account for 50% of cases worldwide
    3. Children (age<15) account for 1.8 Million cases worldwide
  2. HIV Incidence: 2.1 M people worldwide (2015)
    1. Children (age <15) account for 150,000 new cases per year
  3. AIDS
    1. AIDS Deaths 1.1 M, of which 110,000 were children (2015)
  4. References
    1. (2015) WHO Global Summary (accessed 11/01/2016)
      1. http://www.who.int/hiv/data/epi_core_2016.png?ua=1
  • Epidemiology
  • United States Statistics (CDC)
  1. HIV Incidence: 44,000 new cases per year (2014)
    1. Annual new cases has fallen 19% since 2004
  2. HIV new infection rates growing in specific groups
    1. Young persons aged 18 to 24 years
    2. Heterosexual patients
    3. Rural areas
    4. African-American and Latino women
  3. HIV Prevalence
    1. Overall in U.S.: 1.2 Million HIV infected persons as of 2014 (1 in 8 are unaware of status)
    2. Prevalence rate in ages 15-49: 0.6%
  4. AIDS Mortality
    1. Annual deaths due to AIDS: 12,963 deaths (2013)
    2. Leading cause of death in adults ages 25-44 years
  5. AIDS
    1. Incidence: 20,896 new cases per year (2014)
  6. Transmission (as of 2014)
    1. Highest rates of new cases are Men who have Sex with Men
    2. Black heterosexual women also represent a disproportionate number of new cases
    3. New cases in white gay and bisexual men has fallen, while black and latino new cases have risen
    4. Black patients represent 12% of U.S., but account for 44% of new cases per year (2014)
  7. Intravenous Drug Abuse
    1. Accounts for 6% of new cases per year (2014)
  8. Gender
    1. Women living with HIV in U.S.: 284,000 or 23% (in 2012)
    2. Race and Ethnicity (2014)
    3. Caucasian (22% of new cases)
    4. Asian American (2% of new cases)
    5. African Americans (44% of new cases) - disproportionate to 12% of total U.S. population
    6. Latino (24% of new cases) - disproportionate to 17% of total U.S. population
  9. References
    1. (2016) CDC - HIV in the U.S. at a glance (accessed 11/1/2016)
      1. http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/statistics/overview/ataglance.html
  • Pathophysiology
  • Transmission
  • References
  1. (2015) WHO Global Summary (accessed 11/01/2016)
    1. http://www.who.int/hiv/data/epi_core_2016.png?ua=1
  2. (2016) CDC - HIV in the U.S. at a glance (accessed 11/1/2016)
    1. http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/statistics/overview/ataglance.html