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Listeria monocytogenes

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Listeria monocytogenes, Listeriosis

  • See Also
  1. Acute Diarrhea
  2. Foodbourne Illness
  • Pathophysiology
  1. Gram Positive bacillus
  • Causes
  • Sources
  1. Foodbourne Illness
    1. Deli Meat
    2. Frozen Vegetables (2016 outbreak in U.S.)
    3. Unpasteurized milk (including derived soft cheese)
      1. (2008) MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 57(40):1097-100 +PMID:18846031 [PubMed]
  • Risk Factors
  • Severe, invasive disease
  1. Immunocompromised patients
  2. Pregnancy
  3. Newborns (may cause Neonatal Sepsis)
  4. Elderly
  • Symptoms
  1. Onset
    1. Gastrointestinal symptoms start within 9 to 48 hours
    2. Immunompetent hosts typically have self-limited course
    3. Invasive disease onset delayed for 2 to 6 weeks
  2. Gastrointestinal infection
    1. Fever
    2. Diarrhea
    3. Nausea
    4. Myalgias
  3. Invasive infection (esp. immunocompromised patients)
    1. Bacteremia
    2. Meningitis
    3. Endocarditis
  4. Pregnancy (presents with flu-like illness)
    1. Premature delivery
    2. Stillbirth
  • Labs
  1. Missed on Stool Culture
  • Management
  1. See Acute Diarrhea
  2. Antibiotics
    1. Not typically used (self-limited disease in normal hosts)
    2. Consider in severe, invasive cases or high risk patients (5 days Amoxicillin or Septra has been used)
  • Resources