Environ

Hypothermia Causes

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Hypothermia Causes, Secondary Hypothermia

  • Causes
  • Environmental exposure
  1. Cold water immersion or submersion
  2. Cold Exposure
  1. Endocrinopathy
    1. Hypothyroidism
    2. Adrenal Insufficiency
    3. Pituitary or Hypothalamus dysfunction
    4. Diabetic Ketoacidosis (or Alcoholic Ketoacidosis)
    5. Lactic Acidosis
  2. Central neurologic disorders
    1. Acute Head Trauma
    2. Cerebrovascular Accident
    3. Brain Tumor
    4. Wernicke's Encephalopathy
    5. Parkinsonism
    6. Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
  3. Peripheral neurologic disorders
    1. Spinal Cord Transection
    2. Neuropathy
  4. Miscellaneous causes
    1. Anorexia Nervosa
    2. Shivering impaired (e.g. medications)
    3. Hypoglycemia or Malnutrition
    4. Extremes of age (very young or very old)
  • Causes
  • Increased Heat Loss
  1. Septic Shock and other shock states
  2. Dermatitis
    1. Severe Burn Injury
    2. Severe skin exfoliation
    3. Severe Psoriasis
  3. Iatrogenic
    1. Therapeutic Hypothermia
    2. Over-correction of Heat Illness
    3. Cold fluid infusion
  • Causes
  • Substances
  1. Impact both increased heat loss and altered Thermoregulation
  2. Alcohol Intoxication
  3. Phenothiazines
  4. Benzodiazepines or barbiturates