Pharm

Skin Lubricant

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Skin Lubricant, Emollient, Bland Emollient, Moisturizer, Moisturizing Lotion

  • Mechanism
  1. Lotions and creams trap existing moisture in skin
  2. Moisturizing is a misnomer
    1. Lotions and creams do not add moisture to skin
  3. Hypoallergenic agents are preferred
    1. Fragrance free
    2. Dye free
  4. Moisture trapping effectiveness
    1. Best moisture trapping: Oils (e.g. Petroleum Jelly)
    2. Moderate moisture trapping: Creams
    3. Least moisture trapping: Lotions
  • Technique
  1. Apply to affected area immediately after bathing
    1. Pat dry and apply lotion or cream
  2. Apply periodically throughout day
  3. Apply each time skin is washed
  • Preparations
  1. Most effective agents are Bland Emollients with high oil and low water content
    1. Mineral Oil
    2. Vegetable shortening (Crisco)
    3. Petroleum Jelly (Vaseline)
      1. Petroleum Jelly (Vaseline)
      2. Oils
  2. Moderately effective agents (cream better than lotion)
    1. Vanicream
    2. Eucerin
    3. Lubriderm
    4. Aveeno lotion
    5. Moisturel
    6. Curel
    7. Neutrogena
  • Preparations
  • Second generation Emollients add ceramide lipids (efficacy?)
  1. Cerave
  2. Restoraderm