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Benzoyl Peroxide

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Benzoyl Peroxide

  • Indication
  • Mechanism
  1. Comedolytic
  2. Kills follicular Bacteria
  3. Resistance cannot develop
    1. Benzoyl Peroxide should be considered in every Acne Vulgaris Management strategy
    2. Reduces Antibiotic Resistance risk in protocols using oral or systemic antibiotics
  • Preparations
  1. Benzoyl Peroxide alone
    1. Cream 5%, 10%
    2. Gel 2.5%, 5%, 10%
    3. Lotion 5%, 10%
  2. Combination
    1. Benzoyl Peroxide with Clindamycin (Benzaclin)
    2. Benzoyl Peroxide with Erythromycin (Benzamycin)
      1. Gel 50 mg Benzoyl Peroxide and 30 mg Erythromycin
      2. Apply to skin bid, morning & evening
      3. May cause skin dryness, erythema, Pruritus
    3. Benzoyl Peroxide/sulfur (Sulfoxyl Regular or Strong)
      1. Lotion
        1. Benzoyl 5%, Sulfur 2%
        2. Benzoyl 10%, Sulfur 5%
      2. Apply daily to twice daily
      3. May cause skin dryness and Contact Dermatitis
  • Dosing
  1. Start with 2.5% or 5% (less irritating)
  2. Apply to clean skin each day for 3 days
    1. Apply to region of skin (not only over comedones)
  3. Slowly increase strength of application
    1. However 10% preparations are likely to cause more irritation without significant increased benefit
  4. Later increase time left on skin
  • Advantages
  1. Least expensive Comedolytic ($4 per 30 grams in 2017)
  • Adverse Effects
  1. May cause skin dryness or irritation
    1. Use water based instead of acetone or Alcohol product
    2. Use Lotion or cream instead of gel
  2. Bleaches hair and skin
  • References
  1. (2017) Presc Lett 24(1): 3