Jaw

Bruxism

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Bruxism, Teeth Grinding

  • Epidemiology
  1. Incidence may approach 8%
  • Definition
  1. Sleep related Movement Disorder
  2. Habitual grinding of teeth in addition to jaw clenching
  3. Most often occurs overnight
  • Causes
  1. Emotional stress
  2. Malocclusion
  3. Huntington's Chorea
  4. Parkinsonism
  5. Drug use has been associated with Bruxism
    1. Tobacco abuse
    2. Bath Salts
    3. Methamphetamine Abuse
    4. 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (Ecstasy, MDMA)
      1. Dinis-Oliveira (2010) Clinical Toxicology
  • Management
  1. Treat underlying cause if identified
  2. Dental guards or splints
  3. Biofeedback
  4. Botulinum Toxin Injection