Pharm

Presynaptic Adrenergic Release Inhibitor

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Presynaptic Adrenergic Release Inhibitor, Alpha Adrenergic Central Agonist, Central Adrenergic Agonist, Peripheral Acting Presynaptic Adrenergic Antagonist, Peripheral Presynaptic Adrenergic Antagonist, Peripheral Presynaptic Alpha Adrenergic Antagonist

  • Background
  1. Adrenergic Receptor agonists increase Blood Pressure
    1. Alpha 1 Adrenergic Receptor binding increases Vasoconstriction
    2. Beta 1 Adrenergic Receptor binding increases myocardial contractility
  2. Presynaptic Adrenergic Release Inhibitors lower Blood Pressure
    1. Central Acting Adrenergic Agonists
      1. Activate alpha-2 receptors that inhibit CNS sympathetic signals
      2. Results in increased parasympathetic effects and side effects
    2. Peripheral Acting Adrenergic Antagonists
      1. Block peripheral Norepinephrine release
  • Preparations
  • Central Acting Adrenergic Agonists
  1. Mechanism
    1. See Alpha Adrenergic Receptor
    2. Bind central alpha-2 receptors (vasomotor receptors) to inhibit sympathetic outflow
      1. Decreases Peripheral Vascular Resistance (and Blood Pressure)
      2. Decreases Heart Rate
  2. Preparations
    1. Clonidine (Catapres)
    2. Alpha Methyldopa (Aldomet)
    3. Guanabenz (Wytensin)
    4. Guanfacine (Tenex)
  • Preparations
  • Peripheral Acting Adrenergic Antagonists
  1. Mechanism
    1. Peripheral Presynaptic Adrenergic Antagonists block Norepinephrine release from postganglionic nerve terminals
    2. Contrast with Postsynaptic Adrenergic Antagonists that block peripheral alpha receptors
  2. Agents
    1. Reserpine (Serpasil)
    2. Guanethidine (Ismelin)
    3. Guanadrel (Hylorel)