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Medication Causes of Hypertension

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Medication Causes of Hypertension, Hypertension due to Medications, Hypertension due to Herbals, Herbal Causes of Hypertension, Toxin Induced Hypertension, Elevated Blood Pressure due to Medications, Hypertension due to Chemotherapy, Drug Induced Hypertension

  • Causes
  • Medication Related Syndromes
  • Causes
  • Sodium retaining agents
  1. Oral Contraceptives (occurs in 5% of users)
    1. Hypertension is typically with Estrogen doses of 50 mcg or more
    2. Hypertension more likely if history of PIH, Tobacco use, black race, Obesity, renal disease, Diabetes Mellitus
  2. Estrogen Replacement Therapy
  3. Licorice (>3 g/day, found in chewing Tobacco)
  4. Excessive dietary Sodium (>2.4 g/day)
  5. High Sodium Antacids
  6. Mineralocorticoids
  7. Glucocorticoids or Corticosteroids (e.g. Methylprednisolone, Prednisone)
  8. Anabolic Steroidsand androgens
  • Causes
  • Miscellaneous agents
  1. Antiinflammatory agents
    1. Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs)
    2. Cyclooxygenase-2 Inhibitors (COX-2 Inhibitors such as Celebrex)
  2. Levothyroxine (excessive dosing, iatrogenic Hyperthyroidism)
  3. Erythropoietin
  4. Growth Hormone
  5. Ketoconazole
  6. Alcohol Abuse (>21 oz/week, >300 grams/week)
  • Causes
  • Chemotherapeutic and Immunosuppressive agents
  1. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor inhibitors
  2. Cyclosporine (significantly raises Blood Pressure)
  3. Sirolimus
  4. Tacrolimus
  5. Alkylating Agents
  6. Bevacizumab (Avastin)
  7. Cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (intraarterial)
  8. Paclitazel
  9. Sorafenib (Nexavar)
  10. Sunitinib (Sutent)
  1. Aniseed
  2. St. Johns Wort
  3. Capsicum
  4. Cola alkaloids
  5. Blue Cohosh
  6. Vervain
  7. Agnus cactus
  8. Calamus amines
  9. Broom alkaloids
  10. Bayberry
  11. Licorice
  12. Gensung
  13. Ginseng
  14. Guarana
  15. Ma Huang (Ephedra)
  16. Pau de Arco
  17. Coltsfoot
  18. Gentian
  19. Ginger