Surgery Book


CT Abdomen

Aka: CT Abdomen, Abdominal CT, CT Abdomen and Pelvis, Abdominopelvic CT
  1. See Also
    1. Abdominal Pain Evaluation
    2. CT Abdomen in Appendicitis
  2. Indications: Acute Abdominal Pain (Oral water and IV Contrast unless otherwise noted)
    1. Appendicitis
    2. Diverticulitis
    3. Bowel Obstruction
    4. Acute Pancreatitis
    5. Ureterolithiasis or Nephrolithiasis (no contrast)
    6. Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (IV contrast only)
    7. Mesenteric Ischemia
    8. Crohn's Disease (CT enterography)
    9. Abdominal Trauma (IV contrast only)
    10. Intraabdominal abscess (with Oral Contrast in addition to IV contrast)
  3. Technique: Oral Contrast
    1. Most Abdominal CT protocols require oral water only (no Oral Contrast)
      1. Patients with increased abdominal fat require less contrast
      2. Evaluation for Appendicitis or Diverticulitis does NOT require Oral Contrast
    2. Low Attenuation Contrast (air, water) is usually preferable to high attenuation Oral Contrast (e.g. barium, diatrizoate)
      1. High attenuation contrast may obscure malignancy and intestinal Hemorrhage
      2. Air alone is an excellent contrast due to low attenuation (-1000 Hounsfield Units)
        1. Allows for pneumoperitoneum (perforation) detection
      3. Oral water (400-600 ml) immediately prior to CT helps identify gastric lesions
        1. Water distends Stomach and differentiates gastric masses from Stomach wall
      4. References
        1. Broder (2018) Crit Dec Emerg Med 32(6): 12-3
    3. High Attentuation Oral Contrast (Gastrografin/Gastroview, Omnipaque, Readi-Cat/Barium) Indications
      1. Patient indications for Oral Contrast
        1. Lean patient (e.g. BMI <19-20 kg/m2)
        2. Age <18 years old
      2. Condition indications for Oral Contrast
        1. Bowel Fistula
        2. Bowel perforation or peptic ulcer perforation
        3. Intraabdominal Abscess
    4. References
      1. Anderson (2005) Am J Surg 190(3): 474-8 [PubMed]
      2. Garcia (2013) Acad Emerg Med 20(8): 795-800 [PubMed]
      3. Harrison (2013) West J Emerg Med 14(6): 595-7 [PubMed]
  4. Adverse Effects: Children
    1. Sold-tumor risk from CT radiation exposure in children
      1. See CT-associated Radiation Exposure
      2. Girls: 1 new cancer per 300-390 CT Abdomen and Pelvis
      3. Boys: 1 new cancer per 670-760 CT Abdomen and Pelvis
      4. Miglioretti (2013) JAMA Pediatr 167(8): 700-7 [PubMed]
  5. References
    1. Ashoo, Orman and Hollander in Herbert (2015) EM:Rap 15(6): 17

CT of abdomen (C0412620)

Concepts Diagnostic Procedure (T060)
ICD9 88.01
ICD10 1962, 56401-00
SnomedCT 169070004, 303670004, 146290008
CPT 74150, 1010526
LNC LA15396-7
English Computerized tomography of abdomen, CT of abdominal organs (procedure), Computed tomography of abdomen (procedure), Computed tomography of abdomen, CT of abdominal organs, CT of abdomen, CT scan of abdomen, abdominal CT scan, computed tomography of abdomen, computed tomography of abdomen (procedure), Computerised tomography of abdomen, ct abdomen scan, ct of abdomen, ct scan abdomen, abdomen ct, abdomen ct scanning, abdomen ct scans, cat scan abdomen, abdomen cat scan, abdomen ct scan, cat scan of abdomen, ct abdomen, CT scan abdomen, Computed tomography of abdominal organs (procedure), CT of abdomen (procedure), Computed tomography of abdominal organs, Computed tomography, abdomen, CT scan - abdominal, Computerized axial tomography of abdomen, C.A.T. scan of abdomen, CT scan;abdomen, CT scan of the abdomen
Spanish tomografía computarizada de órganos abdominales, tomografía computarizada de órganos abdominales (procedimiento), TC de órganos abdominales, TAC de abdomen, TC de abdomen, tomografía computarizada de abdomen (procedimiento), tomografía computarizada de abdomen
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)

CT of abdomen and pelvis (C1641132)

Concepts Diagnostic Procedure (T060)
ICD10 1963, 56501-00
SnomedCT 419394006
CPT 74176, 74178, 1020544
Spanish TC de abdomen y pelvis, tomografía computarizada de abdomen y pelvis (procedimiento), tomografía computarizada de abdomen y pelvis
English Computerised tomography of abdomen and pelvis, Computerized tomography of abdomen and pelvis, ct scan abdomen and pelvis (procedure), ct scan abdomen and pelvis, CT scan of abdomen and pelvis, Computed tomography, abdomen and pelvis, CT of abdomen and pelvis, Computed tomography of abdomen and pelvis (procedure), Computed tomography of abdomen and pelvis
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)

You are currently viewing the original '\legacy' version of this website. Internet Explorer 8.0 and older will automatically be redirected to this legacy version.

If you are using a modern web browser, you may instead navigate to the newer desktop version of fpnotebook. Another, mobile version is also available which should function on both newer and older web browsers.

Please Contact Me as you run across problems with any of these versions on the website.

Navigation Tree