Surgery Book

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Anesthesia

Aka: Anesthesia, Anesthetic
  1. See Also
    1. Procedural Sedation and Analgesia (PSAA)
    2. Anesthetic Medications in Pregnancy
    3. Local Anesthetic Systemic Toxicity (LAST Reaction)
    4. Analgesia
  2. Definitions
    1. Anesthetic
      1. Loss of sensation (especially to painful stimuli) with local and regional agents
      2. Loss of awareness occurs with general Anesthesia
  3. Preparations
    1. Local Anesthesia
      1. See Local Skin Anesthesia (includes topical Topical Anesthetic)
      2. See Topical Ophthalmic Anesthetic
    2. Regional Anesthesia
      1. See Regional Anesthesia (Nerve Block)
    3. General Anesthesia
      1. See Sedative
      2. See Paralytic Agent

Anesthesia procedures (C0002903)

Definition (MEDLINEPLUS)

If you are having surgery, your doctor will give you a drug called an anesthetic. Anesthetics reduce or prevent pain. There are four main types.

  • Local: numbs one small area of the body. You stay awake and alert.
  • Conscious or intravenous (IV) sedation: uses a mild sedative to relax you and pain medicine to relieve pain. You stay awake but may not remember the procedure afterwards.
  • Regional anesthesia: blocks pain in an area of the body, such an arm or leg. Epidural anesthesia, which is sometimes used during childbirth, is a type of regional anesthesia.
  • General anesthesia: affects your whole body. You go to sleep and feel nothing. You have no memory of the procedure afterwards.

The type of anesthesia your doctor chooses depends on many factors. These include the procedure you are having and your current health.

Definition (NCI) Treatment with a pharmacological substance that produces a loss of feeling.
Definition (NCI_NCI-GLOSS) A loss of feeling or awareness caused by drugs or other substances. Anesthesia keeps patients from feeling pain during surgery or other procedures. Local anesthesia is a loss of feeling in one small area of the body. Regional anesthesia is a loss of feeling in a part of the body, such as an arm or leg. General anesthesia is a loss of feeling and a complete loss of awareness that feels like a very deep sleep.
Definition (MSH) A state characterized by loss of feeling or sensation. This depression of nerve function is usually the result of pharmacologic action and is induced to allow performance of surgery or other painful procedures.
Definition (CSP) state characterized by loss of feeling or sensation; depression of nerve function is usually the result of pharmacologic action and is induced to allow performance of surgery or other painful procedures.
Concepts Therapeutic or Preventive Procedure (T061)
MSH D000758
SnomedCT 87786004, 108213000, 399097000, 399248000
CPT 01999, 1014043, 1002796
LNC LP100694-1, MTHU035920, LA7169-1
English Anesthesia, Anesthesia NOS, anesthesia, Anesthesia, NOS, anesthesia for procedures, Anesthesia procedures, Anaesthesia NOS, anesthesia for procedures (medication), anesthesias, procedure anesthesia, anesthesia procedures, anaesthesia, administration of anesthesia, Anesthesia for procedure, Anesthesia procedure (procedure), Generic anaesthesia procedure, Generic anesthesia procedure, Generic anesthesia procedure (procedure), ANESTHESIA, Procedure anesthesia, Anesthesia for, Anaesthesia, Administration of anaesthesia, Administration of anesthesia (procedure), Administration of anesthesia, Anaesthesia procedure, Anesthesia procedure, Anesthesia procedure, NOS, Anesthesia Procedure
Dutch anesthesie NAO, anesthesieverrichting, anesthesie, Anesthesie
French Anesthésie SAI, Procédure d'anesthésie, Anesthésie
German Anaesthesie NNB, Anaesthesieverfahren, Anaesthesie, Anästhesie
Italian Anestesia NAS, Procedura anestesiologica, Procedura anestetica, Anestesia
Portuguese Anestesia NE, Procedimento de anestesia, Anestesia
Spanish Anestesia NEOM, Procedimiento anestésico, procedimiento anestésico (procedimiento), procedimiento genérico relacionado con la aplicación de anestesia (procedimiento), procedimiento anestésico, procedimiento genérico relacionado con la aplicación de anestesia, administración de anestesia (procedimiento), administración de anestesia, procedimiento genérico de aplicación de anestesia (procedimiento), procedimiento genérico de aplicación de anestesia, Anestesia
Swedish Anestesi
Japanese 麻酔, ムカンカクNOS, ムカンカク, 無感覚, マスイ, 無感覚NOS
Finnish Anestesia
Russian ANESTEZIIA, АНЕСТЕЗИЯ
Czech Anestetická procedura, Anestetický postup, Anestezie, Anestezie NOS, anestezie, anestézie
Croatian ANESTEZIJA
Polish Anestezja, Znieczulenie
Hungarian Anaesthesia k.m.n., Anesthesia eljárás, Anaesthesia folyamata, Anaesthesia
Norwegian Bedøvelse, Anestesi
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


Anesthetics (C0002932)

Definition (NCI_NCI-GLOSS) A drug or other substance that causes a loss of feeling or awareness. Local anesthetics cause a loss of feeling in one small area of the body. Regional anesthetics cause a loss of feeling in a part of the body, such as an arm or leg. General anesthetics cause a loss of feeling and a complete loss of awareness that feels like a very deep sleep.
Definition (NCI) Agents that are capable of inducing a total or partial loss of sensation, especially tactile sensation and pain. They may act to induce general anesthesia, in which an unconscious state is achieved, or may act locally to induce numbness or lack of sensation at a targeted site. (MeSH)
Definition (CSP) agents that are capable of inducing a total or partial loss of sensation, especially tactile sensation and pain; may act to induce general anesthesia, in which an unconscious state is achieved, or may act locally to induce numbness or lack of sensation at a targeted site.
Definition (MSH) Agents that are capable of inducing a total or partial loss of sensation, especially tactile sensation and pain. They may act to induce general ANESTHESIA, in which an unconscious state is achieved, or may act locally to induce numbness or lack of sensation at a targeted site.
Concepts Pharmacologic Substance (T121)
MSH D000777
SnomedCT 333817006, 373266007, 5776009
LNC LP31466-3
English Agents, Anesthetic, Anesthetic Agents, Anesthetic Drugs, Drugs, Anesthetic, Anaesthetic drugs, Anesthetic drugs, Anaesthetic Agent, Anaesthetics, anesthetics (medication), anesthetics, [CN200] ANESTHETICS, anaesthetics, anesthetic drugs, anesthetic drug, drugs causing loss of sensation, anaesthetic drugs, anesthetic agent, anesthetic agents, anesthetics drugs, ANESTHETICS, Anesthetic drugs (substance), anesthetic, Anesthetic, Anaesthetic, Anesthetic (product), Anesthetic (substance), Anesthetics, Anesthetic, NOS, Anaesthetic, NOS, Anesthestic Drugs, Anesthetic Agent
Swedish Bedövningsmedel
Czech anestetika
Finnish Anesteetit
Italian Farmaci anestetici, Sostanze anestetiche, Anestetici
Russian ANESTETIKI, ANESTEZIRUIUSHCHIE SREDSTVA, АНЕСТЕЗИРУЮЩИЕ СРЕДСТВА, АНЕСТЕТИКИ
Japanese 麻酔剤, 麻酔薬
Croatian ANESTETICI
Polish Anestetyki, Leki znieczulające
Spanish anestésico (producto), anestésico (sustancia), anestésico, Anestésicos
French Anesthésiques, Produits anesthésiants, Agents anesthésiques, Médicaments anesthésiques
German Narkosemittel, Anästhetika, Betäubungsmittel
Portuguese Anestésicos
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


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