Sports Medicine Book



Aka: Running, Jogging
  1. See Also
    1. Running Injury
  2. Physiology
    1. Foot position before heel strike
      1. Foot supinated
    2. Foot strike
      1. Heel touches surface
      2. Longitudinal arch flattens until ligament tightens
    3. Dissipation of forces along foot and leg
      1. Foot pronates (40-70% of supporting phase)
      2. Calf Muscles contract
    4. Foot Takeoff
      1. Forefoot supinates
  3. Pearls: Technique Pointers
    1. Avoid letting hands cross midline while Running
    2. Run with Forearms parallel to ground
    3. Maintain looseness, but not floppiness to hands
  4. Pearls: Pointers from Runners World
    1. Start Slow and intersperse rest days
    2. Run your own pace when Running with a group
    3. Run on scenic courses and while on vacation
    4. Run to a musical rhythm, song lyrics or poetry
    5. Vary your pace and distances
    6. Run without a watch or Heart Rate monitor
    7. Use Running as an escape from daily worries
    8. Find a Running partner or dog to run with
    9. Eat adequate calories and drink adequate fluids
    10. Reward yourself for meeting certain Running goals
    11. Consider Relaxation Techniques
      1. Regularly schedule a sports massage or self-massage
      2. Yoga
    12. Consider a Running camp
    13. Precede Exercise with a cold shower
    14. Run with a purpose in mind to pass the time
      1. Identify birds or flowers
      2. Collect trash
    15. Mark course with landmarks at kilometer intervals
    16. Run between specific landmarks or points
    17. Plan your runs and workouts for a week in advance
    18. Stop and stretch 5 to 10 minutes into run
  5. Pearls: Running in Cold
    1. Cover exposed skin
      1. Vaseline
      2. Sunblock
      3. Olive oil
    2. Layer clothing
      1. Layer 1 (against skin): polyester or other synthetic
      2. Layer 2
        1. Top: Sweatshirt or turtle neck
        2. Bottom: Long pants or tights
      3. Layer 3: Windproof nylon or Gore-Tex jacket
      4. Hat and Mittens: Indicated for Temperature under 30 F
    3. Start Running into a headwind and return with tailwind
    4. Avoid injury
      1. Reduce run time in winter to 80% of summer duration
      2. Be careful about footing
    5. Maintain adequate fluid hydration and calorie intake
    6. References
      1. USA Today
  6. References
    1. Higdon (November 1998) Runners World, p.42-7
    2. Patrick (February 15, 2001) USA Today, p. 12C

Jogging (C0022400)

Definition (NCI) Running at a trot as a form of cardiopulmonary exercise.
Definition (MSH) Running at a low rate of speed. It can be done as a means of conditioning or for general health and well being.
Concepts Daily or Recreational Activity (T056)
MSH D007590
SnomedCT 1968006
LNC LA11835-8
English Jogging, Joggings, Engaged in jogging, jogging, jog, jogs, Jog, Jogging (qualifier value), Engaged in jogging (qualifier value), Engaged in jogging, function (observable entity)
Swedish Joggning
Czech jogging
Finnish Hölkkääminen
French Footing, Jogging
Polish Jogging
Norwegian Jogging
Spanish práctica de jogging, práctica de trote (calificador), práctica de trote, Trote
German Jogging
Italian Jogging
Dutch Joggen
Portuguese Corrida Moderada
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)

Running (physical activity) (C0035953)

Definition (ICF) Moving with quick steps so that both feet may be simultaneously off the ground.
Definition (ICF-CY) Moving with quick steps so that both feet may be simultaneously off the ground.
Definition (MSH) An activity in which the body is propelled by moving the legs rapidly. Running is performed at a moderate to rapid pace and should be differentiated from JOGGING, which is performed at a much slower pace.
Concepts Daily or Recreational Activity (T056)
MSH D012420
ICD9 E001.1
ICD10 Y93.02
SnomedCT 418060005
LNC LA11836-6
English Running, Runnings, Running (physical activity), running, run, running activity, Activity, running, Activities involving running, Running (observable entity)
Spanish carrera (entidad observable), carrera, Carrera, Corrida
Swedish Löpning
Czech běh
Finnish Juokseminen
Russian BEG, БЕГ
Polish Bieganie
Norwegian Løp, Renn, Løping, Springing
French Course à pied
Italian Corsa
Dutch Rennen
Portuguese Corrida
German Rennen
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)

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