Sports Medicine Book


Local Cold Therapy

Aka: Local Cold Therapy, Ice Therapy
  1. See Also
    1. Musculoskeletal Injury Management
  2. Indications
    1. Acute Musculoskeletal Injury
    2. Chronic Pain relief for Musculoskeletal Injury
  3. Technique
    1. Apply cold, static or with massage
      1. Wrap in wet thin towel an Ice pack or Bag of frozen peas
      2. Ice in dixie cups (see ice massage below)
      3. Immersed in 55 F cool water
    2. Alternative Techniques: Ice massage
      1. Water frozen in paper cup
      2. Rub ice over heel in circular motion for 5-10 minutes
    3. Frequency: As often as once hourly to every 2-4 hours
    4. Duration: 15 to 20 minutes per application (avoid application longer than 30 minutes)
    5. Length of treatment
      1. Acute Injury: 72 hours
      2. Chronic Injury: as needed
  4. Precautions
    1. Risk of Frostbite
      1. Remove ice if skin becomes numb
      2. Observe skin frequently for Frostbite
      3. Use caution with fingers and toes
    2. Risk of superficial nerve injury
      1. Avoid applying ice longer than 20 minutes
  5. Contraindications
    1. Patients at risk for limb vasospasm or ischemia

cryotherapy using ice (C0556917)

Concepts Therapeutic or Preventive Procedure (T061)
SnomedCT 229580007
English cryotherapy using ice (treatment), modalities cryotherapy ice, ice, cryotherapy using ice, ice therapy, Ice therapy, Ice therapy (procedure)
Spanish terapia con hielo (procedimiento), terapia con hielo
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)

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