Rheumatology Book


DIRE Score

Aka: DIRE Score
  1. See Also
    1. Chronic Pain Management
    2. Opioid Risk Tool
  2. Indications
    1. Assessment of a patient on selection for Chronic Opioid management
  3. Criteria: Diagnosis
    1. Score 1: Benign chronic condition, minimal objective signs (e.g. Fibromyalgia, Migraines, low back)
    2. Score 2: Slowly progressive condition with moderate pain (e.g. failed back surgery, Neuropathy)
    3. Score 3: Advanced condition associated with severe pain (e.g. severe spinal stenosis)
  4. Criteria: Intractability
    1. Score 1: Few therapies tried and patient is passively involved in management
    2. Score 2: Most therapies tried but patient not completely engaged in management, or barrier limited
    3. Score 3: Inadequate response to full spectrum of therapy despite maximally engaged patient
  5. Criteria: Risk - Psychological
    1. Score 1: Serious mental illness or Personality Disorder
    2. Score 2: Moderate interference from mental health condition (e.g. depression, Anxiety Disorder)
    3. Score 3: No significant underlying mental illness and communicates well in clinic
  6. Criteria: Risk - Chemical Health
    1. Score 1: Active or recent use of Illicit Drugs, excessive Alcohol or prescription drug use
    2. Score 2: Uses medications to cope with stress or prior Chemical Dependency now in remission
    3. Score 3: No Chemical Dependency or maladaptive medication use
  7. Criteria: Risk - Reliability
    1. Score 1: Numerous problems with prior medications (misuse, missed appointments, non-compliant)
    2. Score 2: Generally reliable, but occasional lapses in compliance
    3. Score 3: Highly reliable patient
  8. Criteria: Risk - Social Support
    1. Score 1: Chaotic life with minimal family support, close relationships or life roles
    2. Score 2: Relationships and life roles with some reduction
    3. Score 3: No social isolation with maintained family, friends and work/school involvement
  9. Criteria: Efficacy
    1. Score 1: Minimal pain relief or poor function despite moderate to high doses
    2. Score 2: Moderate benefit with improved function or insufficient trial
    3. Score 3: Good improvement in pain, function, quality of life with stable doses over time
  10. Scoring
    1. Add the 7 scores above (D + I + 4R + E) = 7 to 21
  11. Interpretation
    1. Score 7-13: Not suitable candidate for longterm Opioid Analgesic therapy
    2. Score 14-21: Good candidate for longterm Opioid Analgesic therapy
  12. References
    1. Belgrade (2009) Chronic Pain Managament UMN CME, Minneapolis

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