Nephrology Book

Abnormally Increased

  • Hyperchloremia

Abnormally Decreased



Aka: Hyperchloremia, High Serum Chloride
  1. See Also
    1. Metabolic Acidosis
  2. Pathophysiology
    1. Metabolic Acidosis with a normal Anion Gap
  3. Causes
    1. Artifact (low Anion Gap)
    2. Metabolic and Endocrine
      1. Hyperparathyroidism
      2. Renal Tubular Acidosis
      3. Metabolic Acidosis
      4. Hypernatremia
    3. Gastrointestinal
      1. Dehydration
      2. Prolonged Diarrhea
      3. Loss of pancreatic secretion
      4. Ileal loops
      5. Ureteral colonic anastomosis
    4. Medications
      1. Bromide Intoxication
        1. Nervine
        2. Sominex
      2. Acetazolamide
        1. Carbonic anhydrase inhibition
      3. Boric Acid
      4. Triamterene
      5. Ammonium Chloride
      6. Excess IV Normal Saline

Hyperchloremia (C0085679)

Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
ICD10 E87.8
SnomedCT 74450001
English HYPERCHLORAEMIA, HYPERCHLOREMIA, Increased chloride levels, hyperchloremia, hyperchloremia (diagnosis), chloride increased levels, Hyperchloremia, Hyperchloraemia, Hyperchloremia (disorder)
Italian Ipercloremia
Japanese 高クロール血症, コウクロールケツショウ, コウクロールケッショウ
Portuguese HIPERCLOREMIA, Hipercloremia
Spanish HIPERCLOREMIA, hipercloremia (trastorno), hipercloremia, Hipercloremia
German HYPERCHLORAEMIE, Hyperchloraemie
French HYPERCHLOREMIE, Hyperchlorémie
Czech Hyperchloremie
Hungarian Hyperchloraemia
Dutch hyperchloremie
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)

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