Mental Health Book


Drug Abuse in Athletes

Aka: Drug Abuse in Athletes, Athletes with Drug Abuse
  1. See Also
    1. Chemical Dependency
    2. Substance Abuse Evaluation
    3. Sports Performance Supplement
  2. Epidemiology
    1. Incidence of Use (data from 1980s)
      1. Alcohol use: 80-88% of college athletes
      2. Marijuana use: 20-36% of college athletes
      3. Cocaine use: 17% of college athletes
      4. Amphetamine use: 8% of college athletes
      5. Anabolic Steroid use: 2-6% of college athletes
    2. References
      1. Big Ten Study (1981)
      2. NCAA Study (1985)
  3. Labs: Drug Testing Methods
    1. General
      1. Effectively deters use when combined with education
      2. Policy varies between NBA, NFL, and NCAA
        1. NBA
          1. Doctor must report players drug use to NBA
          2. NBA tests rookies and players under suspicion
        2. NFL tests frequently and randomly
    2. Gas Chromatography
      1. Gold standard test but very expensive
      2. Used in playoffs and high level events
    3. Radioimmunoassay (RIA)
      1. Lower cost test but higher rate of False Positives
      2. Used to test high school athletes
    4. Epitestosterone to Testosterone Ratio
      1. Assesses for Growth Hormone or Anabolic Steroid use
    5. Methods players use to counter drug testing
      1. Probenecid blocks urine excretion of drugs
      2. False urine sample
        1. Player instills another's urine into their Bladder
      3. Diuretics dilute sample
      4. Bleach added to urine invalidate tests

You are currently viewing the original '\legacy' version of this website. Internet Explorer 8.0 and older will automatically be redirected to this legacy version.

If you are using a modern web browser, you may instead navigate to the newer desktop version of fpnotebook. Another, mobile version is also available which should function on both newer and older web browsers.

Please Contact Me as you run across problems with any of these versions on the website.

Navigation Tree