Prevention Book


Life Expectancy

Aka: Life Expectancy
  1. See Also
    1. Health Concerns in the Elderly
  2. See Also
    1. Charlson Comorbidity Index
    2. Four Year Prognostic Index (Lee Index)
  3. Precautions
    1. Life Expectancy of 10 years impacts is a common cut-off for screening (e.g. Breast Cancer, Colorectal Cancer)
    2. Comorbid chronic disease significantly impacts Life Expectancy (see Charlson Comorbidity Index, Lee Index)
  4. Epidemiology: Mean Additional Years of Life Expectancy (U.S.)
    1. Age 0
      1. Male: 76.3 years on average
      2. Female: 81.1 years on average
    2. Age 65
      1. Male: 17.8 years on average
      2. Female: 20.3 years on average
    3. Age 70
      1. Male: 14.3 years on average (range 8 to 19 years)
      2. Female: 16.5 years on average (range 10 to 22 years)
    4. Age 75
      1. Male: 11.1 years on average (range 6 to 15 years)
      2. Female: 12.9 years on average (range 7 to 17 years)
    5. Age 80
      1. Male: 8.2 years on average (range 4 to 12 years)
      2. Female: 9.6 years on average (range 5 to 13 years)
    6. Age 85
      1. Male: 5.9 years on average (range 2 to 8 years)
      2. Female: 6.9 years on average (range 3 to 10 years)
    7. Age 90
      1. Male: 4.1 years on average (range 2 to 6 years)
      2. Female: 4.8 years on average (range 2 to 7 years)
    8. Age 95
      1. Male: 2.9 years on average
      2. Female: 3.3 years on average
    9. Age 100
      1. Male: 2.1 years on average
      2. Female: 2.3 years on average
    10. References
      1. Kochanek (2015) Natl Vital Stat Rep 63(3): 1-120 [PubMed]
  5. Resources
    1. EPrognosis
    2. Lee Index
    3. Schonberg Index

Life Expectancy (C0023671)

Definition (MSH) Based on known statistical data, the number of years which any person of a given age may reasonably expected to live.
Definition (PSY) Anticipated number of years of life for an individual, based on statistical probability. Used for both human and animal populations.
Concepts Group Attribute (T102)
MSH D008017
LNC MTHU021387
English Expectancies, Life, Expectancy, Life, Life Expectancies, Life Expectancy, life expectancies, life expectancy, Life expectancy
French Espérance de vie
Swedish Förväntad livslängd
Czech střední délka života, pravděpodobná délka života
Finnish Elianajan odote
Polish Długość życia oczekiwana, Długość życia przeciętna, Dalsze trwanie życia, Spodziewana długość życia, Przeciętna długość życia, Trwanie życia przeciętne
Japanese 平均余命, 期待余命, 平均寿命
Norwegian Forventet levealder
Portuguese Expectativa de Vida, Esperança de Vida
Spanish Expectativa de Vida, Esperanza de Vida
German Lebenserwartung
Italian Aspettativa di vita
Dutch Levensverwachting
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)

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