Pharmacology Book


Araceae Toxicity

Aka: Araceae Toxicity, Araceae
  1. See Also
    1. Plant Toxicity
    2. Accidental Poisoning Causes
    3. Unknown Ingestion
  2. Background
    1. Araceae family of plants
    2. Genera include Alocasia, Arisaema, Caladium, Colocasia, Dieffenbachia, and Philodendron
    3. Broad firm and shiny leaves
    4. Examples
      1. Mother-In-Law's Tongue (Dracaena trifasciata)
      2. Elephant Ears (genera Colocasia, Alocasia, and Xanthosoma)
  3. Mechanism
    1. Plant is coated in sharp, lancinating Calcium oxalate crystals (raphides)
    2. When the plant is bitten (most often by a child), the crystals lance the mucosa causing localized symptoms
  4. Symptoms
    1. Pain and swelling of mucosa on biting leaf
  5. Signs
    1. Crying due to pain
    2. Drooling
    3. Anterior oropharyngeal swelling (esp. lips, Tongue)
    4. Tongue Pain may interfere with speaking
  6. Differential Diagnosis
    1. See Plant Toxicity
    2. Anaphylaxis
    3. Angioedema
  7. Management
    1. Airway Management as needed
      1. Case reports of posterior oropharyngeal involvement and need for Endotracheal Intubation
    2. Typically self limited and resolves in 20-30 minutes
    3. Treated symptomatically
      1. Cold milk
      2. Popsicles
  8. References
    1. Claudius, Behar and Nordt in Herbert (2020) EM:Rap 20(9): 5-7

Araceae (C0331458)

Definition (MSH) A plant family of the order Arales, subclass Arecidae, class Liliopsida (monocot). Many members contain OXALIC ACID and calcium oxalate (OXALATES).
Concepts Plant (T002)
MSH D029064
SnomedCT 107629004
English Araceae, Family araceae - arum (organism), Family Araceae (organism), Family Araceae, Family araceae - arum, Family Araceae - arum, arum family, Arum family
Spanish familia araceae - aro, familia Araceae (organismo), familia Araceae, yaro, familia araceae - aro (organismo), jaro, Araceae
Swedish Araceae
Czech árónovité, Araceae
Finnish Araceae
Japanese ザゼンソウ属, ダルマソウ, デンシンラン, ホウライショウ属, 座禅草, ボタンウキクサ, サトイモ科, ザゼンソウ, モンステラ
Polish Araceae
Norwegian Myrkonglefamilien, Araceae
Italian Aracee, Araceae
Portuguese Flor-D'Água, Aráceas, Araceae
French Araceae, Aracées
German Araceae, Aronstabgewächse
Dutch Araceae
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)

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