Pediatrics Book


Corporal Punishment

Aka: Corporal Punishment, Spanking
  1. See Also
    1. Discipline
    2. Verbal Punishment
    3. Time-Out
    4. Positive Parenting Techniques
  2. Definition
    1. Physical punishment in response to undesirable behavior
  3. Precautions
    1. Physical punishment is not recommended by AAP
    2. Spanking may escalate into physical abuse
    3. Other forms of Discipline are preferred
    4. Spanking is inappropriate under age 18 months
    5. Never strike child with object
    6. Never use enough force to leave lasting skin mark
    7. Never jerk a child's arms, pull hair or shake a child
    8. Never deliver punishment with anger and intent of pain
  4. Technique: Spanking
    1. Open hand strikes buttocks or extremities
    2. Goal: modify behavior without inflicting injury
  5. Efficacy: Spanking
    1. Less effective than Time-Out or Removal of Privileges
    2. May be effective in short-term
    3. Loses effect with continued use
      1. Maintaining effect would require increasing intensity
      2. Risk of escalating to physical abuse
  6. Adverse effects
    1. Risk of injury to child (especially <18 months)
    2. May foster aggressive behavior by child
    3. Promotes adversarial relationship with child
    4. Renders Time-Out less effective and more difficult
  7. Resources
    1. See Parenting Resources
  8. References
    1. Wyckoff (1984) Discipline without Shouting, p. 8
    2. Banks (2002) Am Fam Physician 66(8):1447-52 [PubMed]
    3. Stein (1998) Pediatrics 101(4 Pt 1):723-8 [PubMed]

corporal punishment (C0237416)

Concepts Regulation or Law (T089)
English physical punishment, corporal punishment, Corporal Punishment
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)

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