Orthopedics Book

Joint dislocation



Sesamoid Fracture

Aka: Sesamoid Fracture
  1. Background
    1. Sesamoids: Two flat bones at plantar first MTP
    2. Medial sesamoid is more commonly injured than lateral
  2. Mechanisms of injury
    1. Trauma due to falls
    2. Great toe hyperextension
    3. Metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP) dislocation
    4. Stress Fracture of sesamoid
  3. Signs
    1. Pain on palpation of plantar first Metatarsal head
    2. First toe extension refers pain to plantar 1st MTP
  4. Radiology
    1. Foot XRAY AP and lateral
      1. Fracture usually found on xray
      2. Sesamoid partition is a common normal variant
        1. May be difficult to distinguish from Fracture
  5. Management
    1. Consider arch supports in mild cases
    2. Short Leg Walking Cast for 4 weeks in most cases
    3. Follow-up with Metatarsal supports after Casting
    4. Refractory pain after Casting
      1. Local Corticosteroid Injection
      2. Orthopedic referral for sesamoid resection (uncommon)
  6. Complications
    1. First MTP Degenerative Joint Disease
    2. Nonunion Fracture
  7. Course
    1. Anticipate persistent symptoms for up to 6 months
  8. References
    1. Delee (2003) Orthopaedic Sports Med, p. 2512-14
    2. Marx (2002) Rosen's Emergency Medicine, p. 731

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