Orthopedics Book

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Spinal Cord Syndrome

Aka: Spinal Cord Syndrome
  1. See Also
    1. Complete Cord Syndrome
    2. Central Cord Syndrome
    3. Spinal Cord Hemisection (Brown-Sequard Syndrome)
    4. Anterior Cord Syndrome
    5. Posterior Cord Syndrome
    6. Cervical Spine Injury
  2. Exam: Distinguishing Upper from Lower Motor Neuron Injury
    1. Upper Motor Neuron Lesion (lesion proximal to the spinal cord anterior horn cells)
      1. Hyperreflexia
      2. Clonus
      3. Motor Spasticity
      4. Increased muscle tone
      5. Babinski sign positive
      6. Muscles without atrophy (normal muscle mass)
    2. Lower Motor Neuron Lesion (lesion distal to the spinal cord anterior horn cells)
      1. Motor Weakness
      2. Muscle Atrophy
      3. Muscle Fasciculations
      4. Deep Tendon Reflexes decreased
  3. Causes
    1. Complete transection of the spinal cord
      1. Complete Cord Syndrome
    2. Partial spinal cord injuries
      1. Anterior Cord Syndrome
      2. Central Cord Syndrome
      3. Spinal Cord Hemisection (Brown-Sequard Syndrome, rare)
      4. Neuropraxia (Stinger, Burner)
    3. Images
      1. CordSyndrome.jpg
  4. References
    1. Decker in Chorley and Bachur (2014) Overview of Cervical Spinal Cord Injuries..., UpToDate, Wolters-Kluwer
    2. Wagner (1997) Emerg Med Clin North Am 15:699-711 [PubMed]

Spinal cord syndrome (C0560648)

Concepts Injury or Poisoning (T037)
SnomedCT 282784007
English spinal cord syndrome, cord spinal syndrome, cord spinal syndromes, Spinal cord syndrome, spinal cord syndrome (diagnosis), Spinal cord syndrome (disorder)
Spanish síndrome de médula espinal (trastorno), síndrome de médula espinal
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


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