Obstetrics Book


Paracervical Block

Aka: Paracervical Block
  1. See Also
    1. Active Labor Anesthesia
    2. Latent Labor Anesthesia
    3. Non-Pharmacologic Pain Control in Labor
    4. Epidural Anesthesia
    5. Intrathecal Morphine
    6. Pudendal Block
  2. Indications
    1. Rarely used in labor now due to PPCBB (see below)
    2. Pain relief for uterine contractions early first stage
    3. Regional Anesthesia for D&C in Miscarriage
  3. Mechanism
    1. Blocks Sensory Nerve levels T10 to L1
  4. Preparation
    1. Syringe: 10 cc control syringe
    2. Needle: 20 gauge spinal needle
    3. Anesthetic: 2% Lidocaine or 2% Chloroprocaine
  5. Procedure
    1. Prepare Cervix
      1. Expose Cervix with medium Graves speculum
      2. Use antiseptic over Cervix and posterior fornix
      3. Apply single toothed tenaculum to anterior Cervix lip
    2. Transvaginal injection of local Anesthetic
      1. Inject lateral to Cervix on each side
        1. Raise superficial wheal at each site
        2. Aspirate before injecting
      2. Four injection method
        1. Inject 2.5 cc each at 3:00 and 5:00 (left Cervix)
        2. Inject 2.5 cc each at 7:00 and 9:00 (right Cervix)
      3. Two injection method
        1. Inject 5 cc each at 4:00 (left) and 8:00 (right)
  6. Adverse Effects
    1. Postparacervical block Bradycardia (PPCBB)
      1. Occurs in up to 40% of cases
      2. Associated Vasoconstriction of uterine vasculature
      3. Use superficial injection with low dose Anesthetic
  7. Efficacy
    1. Relieves First Stage of Labor pain in 75% of cases
  8. References
    1. Curran in Pfenninger (1994) Procedures, p. 675
    2. Deutchman (2000) ALSO Course Syllabus, p. A18
    3. Rosen (2002) Am J Obstet Gynecol 186:S127-30 [PubMed]
    4. Smith (2021) Am Fam Physician 103(6): 355-64 [PubMed]

Paracervical Block (C0030401)

Concepts Therapeutic or Preventive Procedure (T061)
MSH D000773
SnomedCT 14224004
English Block, Paracervical, Blocks, Paracervical, Paracervical Blocks, LA - LA block paracervic nerve, LA block of paracervical nerve, Uterine paracervical block anaesthesia, Uterine paracervical block anesthesia, paracervical (uterine) nerve block, paracervical nerve block (treatment), paracervical nerve block, Paracervical block anesthesia, Paracervical block anaesthesia, Paracervical nerve block, LA - Local anaesthetic block of paracervical nerve, Local anaesthetic block of paracervical nerve, LA - Local anesthetic block of paracervical nerve, Local anesthetic block of paracervical nerve, Uterine paracervical block anesthesia (procedure), Paracervical Block, paracervical block
Spanish anestesia uterina por bloqueo paracervical, anestesia local para bloqueo paracervical, anestesia por bloqueo paracervical, anestesia uterina por bloqueo paracervical (procedimiento)
French Bloc paracervical, BPC (Bloc ParaCervical), Blocs paracervicaux
Norwegian PCB, Paracervikalblokk
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)

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