Neurology Book


Pediatric Cerebral Hemorrhage

Aka: Pediatric Cerebral Hemorrhage, Cerebral Hemorrhage in Children, Intraventricular Hemorrhage in Preterm Infants
  1. Causes: Preterm Infant
    1. Intraventricular Hemorrhage
    2. Risk Factors for Intraventricular Hemorrhage
      1. Vaginal Delivery
      2. Early Gestational age
      3. Chorioamnionitis
      4. Respiratory Distress Syndrome
    3. Disproven risk factors
      1. Indomethacin does not appear to be a risk factor
    4. References
      1. Suarez (2001) Obstet Gynecol 97:921-5 [PubMed]
  2. Causes: Term Infant
    1. Choroid Plexus
    2. Arteriovenous Malformations
    3. Choroid plexus papilloma
    4. Herpetic infection
    5. Cocaine
    6. Shaken Baby Syndrome
    7. Coagulopathies
      1. Protein S Deficiency or Protein C Deficiency
      2. Antithrombin III
      3. Factor 5 Leiden
  3. Causes: Child
    1. Sickle Cell Disease
    2. Antiphospholipid Antibody
    3. Vasculitis
    4. Sympathomimetics (e.g. Cocaine)
    5. Asparaginase
    6. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
    7. Mitochondrial disease
    8. Cavernous Sinus Thrombosis

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