Neurology Book

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Symptoms Chapter related topics


Migraine Headache Trigger

Aka: Migraine Headache Trigger, Migraine Headache Medication Causes
  1. See Also
    1. Migraine Headache
    2. Medication Causes of Headache
  2. Causes: General Triggers
    1. Physical Exertion or Exercise
    2. Stress, worry, anxiety or mental health condition exascerbations
    3. Menstruation (see Menstrual Migraine)
    4. Pungent odors or perfumes
    5. Smoke exposure
    6. Sleep deprived, Fatigue or excessive sleep
    7. Obstructive Sleep Apnea
    8. Glare from the sun or fluorescent lights
    9. Weather or Ambient changes
    10. High humidity
    11. High altitude
    12. Head Trauma
    13. Drinking cold water
      1. Mattsson (2001) Cephalalgia 21(3):230-5 [PubMed]
  3. Causes: Medication Triggers
    1. Medication Causes of Headache
    2. Nitroglycerin
    3. Reserpine
    4. Estrogens
    5. Oral Contraceptives
    6. Hydralazine
    7. Zantac
  4. Causes: Food Triggers
    1. Tyramines
      1. See Tyramine-Vasoactive Amines
      2. Chocolate (highly specific for Migraine Headache)
      3. Alcohol
      4. Red wine
      5. Aged cheese or soft cheese
    2. Caffeine (overuse or withdrawal)
    3. Cold food
    4. Missed meals
    5. Additives
      1. Monosodium glutamate (MSG)
      2. Artificial Sweeteners (e.g. Aspartame)
  5. References
    1. Ha (2019) Am Fam Physician 99(1): 17-24 [PubMed]
    2. Kelman (2007) Cephalgia 27(5): 394-402 [PubMed]

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