Neurology Book

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Peripheral Nervous System

Aka: Peripheral Nervous System, Peripheral Nerve
  1. See Also
    1. Neuron
    2. Central Nervous System
    3. Peripheral Neuropathy
    4. Peripheral Nerve Injury
    5. Dermatome
  2. Anatomy
    1. Components
      1. Paired Cranial Nerves (12)
      2. Paired spinal nerves (31): Vertebrae imperfectly match the spinal nerve roots
        1. Cervical Nerve Roots (8)
          1. Cervical cord has 7 Vertebrae but has 8 nerve root pairs
          2. C1 exits above the C1 Vertebrae
          3. C8 exits below the C7 Vertebrae
        2. Thoracic Nerve Roots (12)
        3. Lumbosacral Nerve Roots (10)
          1. Spinal cord transitions to individual nerves below the L2 Vertebrae
          2. Analogous to the hairs of a horse (cauda equina)
        4. Coccyx (1)
    2. Spinal Levels
      1. Posterior Sensory Nerve root (dorsal root and spinal Ganglion)
      2. Anterior Motor Nerve root (ventral root)
    3. Dermatomes
      1. Sensory components are distributed along the skin in long swaths of nerve innervation

Peripheral Nerves (C0031119)

Definition (FMA) Neural tree (organ) which is directly continuous with the neuraxis. Examples: phrenic nerve, radial nerve, ilioinguinal nerve, sciatic nerve.
Definition (UWDA) Subdivision of peripheral nervous system which is a tree whose trunk is a branch of a somatic nerve plexus (cervical, brachial or lumbosacral); it has shared parts with the somatic nerves that contribute to its parent plexus. Examples: phrenic nerve, radial nerve, ilioinguinal nerve, sciatic nerve.
Definition (NCI) Any nerve outside the brain or spinal cord that connects with peripheral receptors or effectors.
Definition (NCI_CDISC) Any nerve outside the brain or spinal cord that connects with peripheral receptors or effectors. (NCI)
Definition (MSH) The nerves outside of the brain and spinal cord, including the autonomic, cranial, and spinal nerves. Peripheral nerves contain non-neuronal cells and connective tissue as well as axons. The connective tissue layers include, from the outside to the inside, the epineurium, the perineurium, and the endoneurium.
Concepts Body Part, Organ, or Organ Component (T023)
MSH D010525
SnomedCT 84782009
English Nerve, Peripheral, Peripheral nerve tree, peripheral nerve structure, nerves peripheral, peripheral nerve, peripheral nerves, Nerves, Peripheral, PERIPHERAL NERVE, NERVE, PERIPHERAL, Peripheral nerve, Peripheral nerve structure, Peripheral nerve structure (body structure), Peripheral nerve, NOS, Peripheral Nerves, Nerves (Peripheral), Peripheral Nerve
Swedish Perifera nerver
Czech periferní nervy
Finnish Ääreishermot
Russian EPINEVRII, PERINEVRII, NERVY PERIFERICHESKIE, ENDONEVRII, НЕРВЫ ПЕРИФЕРИЧЕСКИЕ, ПЕРИНЕВРИЙ, ЭНДОНЕВРИЙ, ЭПИНЕВРИЙ
Croatian PERIFERNI ŽIVCI
Latvian Perifērie nervi
Spanish estructura del nervio periférico, estructura de nervio periférico, estructura de nervio periférico (estructura corporal), estructura del nervio periférico (estructura corporal), nervio periférico, Nervios Periféricos
Polish Nerwy obwodowe
Norwegian Perifere nerver
French Nerfs périphériques
German Periphere Nerven
Italian Nervi del sistema periferico
Dutch Zenuwen, perifere, Zenuwschede
Portuguese Nervos Periféricos
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


Peripheral Nervous System (C0206417)

Definition (MSHCZE) Nervový systém mimo oblast mozku a míchy. Periferní nervový systém má dvě velké části - autonomní a somatickou. Autonomní nervový systém zahrnuje enterickou, parasympatickou a sympatickou část. Somatický nervový systém zahrnuje oblast kraniálních a míšních nervů s jejich ganglii a periferní smyslové receptory. R
Definition (NCI) That part of the nervous system consisting of the nerves and neurons that reside or extend outside the central nervous system.
Definition (MSH) The nervous system outside of the brain and spinal cord. The peripheral nervous system has autonomic and somatic divisions. The autonomic nervous system includes the enteric, parasympathetic, and sympathetic subdivisions. The somatic nervous system includes the cranial and spinal nerves and their ganglia and the peripheral sensory receptors.
Definition (PSY) Anatomical systems of structures outside the brain and spinal cord composed of neural tissue.
Definition (CSP) peripheral nervous system is outside of the brain and spinal cord; it has autonomic and somatic divisions; the autonomic nervous system includes the enteric, parasympathetic, and sympathetic subdivisions and the somatic nervous system includes the cranial and spinal nerves and their ganglia and the peripheral sensory receptors.
Concepts Body System (T022)
MSH D017933
SnomedCT 3058005
English Peripheral Nervous System, Nervous System, Peripheral, Nervous Systems, Peripheral, Peripheral Nervous Systems, System, Peripheral Nervous, Systems, Peripheral Nervous, Pars peripherica, Systema nervosum periphericum, peripheral nervous systems, pn, pns, nervous peripheral system, peripheral nervous system, PNS, Peripheral nervous system, Peripheral nervous system structure (body structure), Peripheral nervous system structure, PNS - Peripheral nervous system
Swedish Perifera nervsystemet
Czech periferní nervový systém
Finnish Ääreishermosto
Russian PERIFERICHESKAIA NERVNAIA SISTEMA, NERVNAIA SISTEMA PERIFERICHESKAIA, НЕРВНАЯ СИСТЕМА ПЕРИФЕРИЧЕСКАЯ, ПЕРИФЕРИЧЕСКАЯ НЕРВНАЯ СИСТЕМА
Croatian PERIFERNI ŽIVČANI SUSTAV
Latvian Nervu sistēma, perifērā, Perifērā nervu sistēma
Polish Obwodowy układ nerwowy, Układ nerwowy obwodowy
Norwegian Det perifere nervesystem, perifere nervesystem, Nervesystem, perifere
Spanish SNP, estructura del sistema nervioso periférico (estructura corporal), estructura del sistema nervioso periférico, sistema nervioso periférico, Sistema Nervioso Periférico
French Système nerveux périphérique
German Peripheres Nervensystem
Italian Sistema nervoso periferico
Dutch Perifeer zenuwstelsel, Zenuwstelsel, perifeer
Portuguese Sistema Nervoso Periférico
Sources
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)


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