Pulmonology Book


Pulmonary Function Assessment of Respiratory Muscle Strength

Aka: Pulmonary Function Assessment of Respiratory Muscle Strength, Findings of Impending Respiratory Failure, Negative Inspiratory Flow, Maximal Inspiratory Pressure, Maximal Inspiratory Force, Inspiratory Force, Respiratory Muscular Pressure
  1. See Also
    1. Acute Respiratory Failure
    2. Single Breath Counting
    3. Pulmonary Function Test
    4. Lung Volumes
    5. Diffusing Capacity
    6. Inhalation Challenge Test
    7. Exercise Spirometry
    8. Functional Residual Capacity
    9. Vital Capacity
    10. Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (PEFR)
    11. Spirometry Lower Limit of Normal (PFT LLN)
  2. Definitions
    1. Negative Inspiratory Flow (NIF) or Maximal Inspiratory Pressure (MIP)
      1. Maximal inspiratory effort measured as the pressure generated against an occluded airway
      2. Maximal Inspiratory Pressure (MIP) and Negative Inspiratory Flow (NIF) represent the same measure
        1. MIP is typically reported as positive, while NIF is reported as negative
  3. Indications
    1. Progressive Neuromuscular Disease (e.g. Guillain Barre Syndrome, Myasthenia Gravis)
    2. Ventilator Weaning
  4. Interpretation: Findings of Impending Respiratory Failure
    1. Physical findings
      1. Tachypnea with decreased chest excursion
      2. Hypophonia
      3. Accessory Muscle use (e.g. intercostal retractions, abdominal Muscle use)
      4. Paradoxical breathing
    2. Quantitative Tests
      1. Single Breath Counting <10 to 15
      2. Vital Capacity <15-20 ml/kg
      3. Tidal Volume <5 ml/kg
      4. Maximum expiratory force <40 cm H2O (normal may be as high as 100 cm H2O)
      5. Negative Inspiratory Flow (NIF) less negative than -20 to -30 cm H2O (normal may be < -100 cm H2O)
        1. NIF less negative than-25 cmH2O may predict Ventilator Weaning failure
  5. References
    1. Sclauser (2014) Can Respir J 21(1):43-50 +PMID: 24137574 [PubMed]

Inspiratory force (C0231823)

Concepts Organ or Tissue Function (T042)
SnomedCT 64231002
English Inspiratory force, function, inspiratory force, Inspiratory force, Inspiratory force, function (observable entity), Inspiratory force (function)
Spanish esfuerzo inspiratorio (entidad observable), esfuerzo inspiratorio (función), esfuerzo inspiratorio, fuerza inspiratoria
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)

Respiratory muscular pressure (C0231900)

Concepts Finding (T033)
SnomedCT 24296009
English P MUS, P<sub>MUS</sub>, Respiratory muscular pressure, P>MUS<, Respiratory muscular pressure (observable entity)
Spanish presión muscular respiratoria (entidad observable), presión muscular respiratoria
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)

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