Pulmonology Book


Chest Trauma

Aka: Chest Trauma, Chest Injury, Blunt Chest Trauma, Blunt Thoracic Injury, Thoracic Injury
  1. See Also
    1. Secondary Trauma Survey
    2. Rib Fracture
    3. Sternal Fracture
    4. Pulmonary Contusion
    5. Tension Pneumothorax
    6. Massive Hemothorax
    7. Pulmonary Contusion
    8. Flail Chest
    9. Cardiac Tamponade
    10. Aortic Rupture
    11. Diaphragmatic Rupture
  2. Precautions
    1. Trauma in the Elderly
      1. Seemingly mild Chest Trauma may result in serious respiratory compromise and acute distress
    2. Trauma in Children
      1. Intrathoracic injury is common without signs of external thoracic Trauma
  3. Exam: Red Flags
    1. Asymmetric breath sounds
    2. Hypertympanic or chest dull to percussion
    3. Parodoxical chest wall movement (Flail Chest)
    4. Palpate thorax for Fractures (Clavicle Fracture, Scapula Fracture, Rib Fracture, Fractured Sternum)
  4. Diagnostics
    1. Portable Chest XRay
      1. Preferred first-line study
    2. Chest CT
      1. See Nexus Chest CT Decision Rule in Blunt Trauma
      2. Indicated for suspected Great Vessel injury (e.g. high velocity accident)
    3. Bedside Ultrasound
      1. See FAST Exam
  5. Complications
    1. Tension Pneumothorax
    2. Massive Hemothorax
    3. Pulmonary Contusion
    4. Open chest wound (Open Pneumothorax, Sucking Chest Wound)
    5. Rib Fractures (especially ribs 1-3 associated with serious thoracic Trauma)
    6. Flail Chest
    7. Sternal Fracture
    8. Cardiac Tamponade
    9. Aortic Rupture
    10. Diaphragmatic Rupture
  6. Management
    1. See specific conditions
    2. Exercise a low threshold for observation or admission (especially in the elderly)
      1. Trauma service as indicated and if available
      2. Observation for 6-8 hours may detect delayed complications (e.g. Pneumothorax, Hemothorax)
    3. Pain management
      1. Critrical, especially in the elderly, to decrease Splinting, Atelectasis and secondary Pneumonia
  7. References
    1. Herbert and Inaba in Herbert (2014) EM:Rap 14(11): 1-2
    2. (2012) ATLS Manual, 9th ed, American College of Surgeons

Thoracic Injuries (C0039980)

Definition (MSHCZE) Obecná nebo nespecifikovaná poranění v oblasti hrudníku. R
Definition (MEDLINEPLUS)

The chest is the part of the body between your neck and your abdomen. It includes the ribs and breastbone. Inside your chest are several organs, including the heart, lungs, and esophagus. The pleura, a large thin sheet of tissue, lines the inside of the chest cavity.

Chest injuries and disorders include

Definition (MSH) General or unspecified injuries to the chest area.
Definition (CSP) damage inflicted on the upper part of the trunk as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
Concepts Injury or Poisoning (T037)
MSH D013898
ICD10 S20-S29.9, S29.9, S20-S29
SnomedCT 157333008, 213433008, 269341001, 262525000
English Chest Injuries, Injuries, Chest, Injuries, Thoracic, Injury, Chest, Thoracic Injuries, Thoracic Injury, Chest Injury, Injury, Thoracic, Injuries to the thorax, Unspecified injury of thorax, [X]Injuries to the thorax, INJ CHEST, THORACIC INJ, INJ THORACIC, CHEST INJ, Traumatic chest injury NOS, Thoracic Injuries [Disease/Finding], chest traumas, injuries chest, chest injury, thoracic injuries, trauma chest, chest disorders injuries, chest injuries, chest trauma, injuries thorax, thoracic injury, injury thoracic, thorax injuries, Injuries to the thorax (S20-S29), injury of thorax (diagnosis), injury of thorax, injury thorax, Chest Injuries and Disorders, Injury to chest, [X]Injuries to the thorax (disorder), Traumatic injury to chest, Chest injury, Chest injury (disorder), injury; thorax, thorax; injury, thorax; wound, wound; thorax
Italian Traumatismo del torace, Traumatismo del torace NAS, Lesioni toraciche, Lesioni del torace
Dutch traumatisch borstletsel NAO, letsel; thorax, thorax; letsel, thorax; wond, wond; thorax, Niet gespecificeerd letsel van thorax, borstkasletsel, Borstverwonding, borstletsel, Thoraxtrauma, Thoraxtraumata, Trauma, thorax-, Traumata, thorax-
French Lésion traumatique du thorax SAI, Blessures thoraciques, Blessures du thorax, Lésion traumatique du thorax, Traumatismes thoraciques, Traumatismes du thorax, Lésions traumatiques du thorax
German traumatische Brustverletzung NNB, Nicht naeher bezeichnete Verletzung des Thorax, Thoraxverletzung, Brustkorbverletzungen, Thoraxverletzungen
Portuguese Lesão traumática do tórax NE, Lesões do Tórax, Lesões Torácicas, Traumatismos do Tórax, Lesão do tórax, Traumatismos Torácicos
Spanish Lesión traumática del tórax NEOM, [X]lesiones en el tórax (trastorno), [X]lesiones en el tórax, Lesiones Torácicas, Traumatismos del Tórax, injuria torácica (trastorno), injuria torácica, lesión traumática torácica (trastorno), lesión traumática torácica, Herida torácica, Lesiones del Tórax, Traumatismos Torácicos
Japanese 外傷性胸部損傷NOS, ガイショウセイキョウブソンショウNOS, キョウブソンショウ, 胸部外傷, 外傷-胸部, 胸部損傷
Swedish Bröstkorgsskador
Finnish Rintakehävammat
Czech Poranění hrudníku, Traumatické poranění hrudníku NOS, hrudník - poranění, poranění hrudníku
Korean 상세불명의 가슴의 손상
Polish Urazy klatki piersiowej
Hungarian Traumás mellkassérülés k.m.n., Mellkassérülés
Norwegian Skader, brystkasse, Skader, thorax, Toraksskader, Thoraxskader, Brystkasseskader
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)

Blunt injury of thorax (C1828252)

Concepts Injury or Poisoning (T037)
SnomedCT 422916003
English Blunt injury of thorax, Blunt injury of thorax (disorder), Blunt injury to thorax, Blunt injury to chest
Spanish lesión traumática contusa del tórax, trauma torácico contuso, lesión traumática contusa del tórax (trastorno), contusión torácica
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)

You are currently viewing the original 'fpnotebook.com\legacy' version of this website. Internet Explorer 8.0 and older will automatically be redirected to this legacy version.

If you are using a modern web browser, you may instead navigate to the newer desktop version of fpnotebook. Another, mobile version is also available which should function on both newer and older web browsers.

Please Contact Me as you run across problems with any of these versions on the website.

Navigation Tree