Pulmonology Book


Moraxella catarrhalis

Aka: Moraxella catarrhalis, Moraxella pneumonia
  1. See Also
    1. Bacterial Pneumonia
  2. Diagnosis
    1. Represents less than 5% of all Pneumonias
    2. More common in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
    3. Lobar consolidation is rare
  3. Labs
    1. Gram Stain
      1. Kidney bean shaped Gram Negative diplococci
  4. Radiology
    1. Chest XRay
      1. Patchy bronchopulmonary infiltrate
  5. Management: Antibiotic
    1. Amoxicillin-clavulanate (Augmentin)
    2. Second generation Cephalosporin (e.g. Cefuroxime)
    3. Third generation Cephalosporin (e.g. Cefotaxime)
    4. Erythromycin
    5. Azithromycin (Zithromax)
    6. Clarithromycin (Biaxin)
    7. Trimethoprim Sulfamethoxazole (Bactrim or Septra)
    8. Doxycycline
  6. References
    1. Gilbert (2001) Sanford Antimicrobial, p. 28

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