Infectious Disease Book


Vector Borne Disease

Aka: Vector Borne Disease, Vector-Borne Infection, Mosquito-Borne Disease, Mosquito-Borne Illness, Mosquito Borne Infection
  1. See Also
    1. Tick Borne Illness
    2. Tick Removal
    3. Pet Borne Infection
    4. Arbovirus (Arthropod-borne Virus)
    5. Prevention of Vector-borne Infection
    6. Fever in the Returning Traveler
    7. Fever of Unknown Origin
  2. Epidemiology
    1. Vector Borne Disease causes 17% of worldwide infections (in 2016)
  3. Precautions
    1. See Fever in the Returning Traveler
    2. See Fever of Unknown Origin
    3. Consider vector borne illness in those with fever or flu-like illness in late spring and summer
    4. Consider travel history and potential exposures to endemic vectors (e.g. deer Tick Bites)
  4. Trasmission: U.S. Vector borne illness
    1. Mosquitoes
      1. Dirofilariasis
      2. Zika Virus
      3. Dengue (Puerto Rico, Texas, Florida, Hawaii)
      4. EncephalitisArboviruses
        1. California (including LaCrosse) Encephalitis
        2. Saint Louis Encephalitis
        3. Eastern equine Encephalitis
        4. Western equine Encephalitis
        5. West Nile Virus Encephalitis (most common vector-borne virus in U.S. as of 2016)
    2. Ticks
      1. See Tick Borne Illness
      2. Babesiosis (Babesia Microti)
      3. Colorado Tick Fever (arenavirus)
      4. Ehrlichiosis
        1. Human Monocytic Ehrlichiosis
        2. Human Granulocytic Ehrlichiosis
      5. Epidemic Typhus (Rickettsia canadensis)
      6. Lyme Disease (Borrelia Burgdorferi)
      7. Borrelia miyamotoi
        1. Spirochete carried by Ixodes ticks (and may coinfect with Borrelia Burgdorferi)
        2. Causes Relapsing Fever
      8. Plague (Yersinia pestis)
      9. Powassan Encephalitis
      10. Q Fever (Coxiella Burnetii)
      11. Relapsing Fever
      12. Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (Rickettsia rickettsii)
        1. Only Tick Borne Illness with consistent Centripetal Rash (peripheral to central spread)
      13. Tularemia (Francisella tularensis)
    3. Fleas
      1. Murine Typhus (Rickettsia typhi)
      2. Plague (Yersinia pestis)
      3. Dipylidiasis (ingestion of fleas)
    4. Flies
      1. Tularemia (Francisella tularensis)
    5. Lice
      1. Epidemic Typhus (Rickettsia prowazekii)
      2. Plague (Yersinia pestis)
      3. Trench Fever (Rochalimaea quintana)
    6. Mites
      1. Rickettsialpox (Rickettsia akari)
  5. Transmission: Worldwide Vector Borne illnesses
    1. Malaria
    2. Schistosomiasis
    3. Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers
      1. Dengue (most common vector-borne virus worldwide)
      2. Lassa Fever
    4. Typhus
    5. Rickettsial
    6. Rift Valley Fever
    7. Trypanosomiasis
      1. African: Sleeping sickness (Tsetse flies)
      2. American: Chagas Disease (Reduviid bugs)
    8. Yellow Fever
    9. Zika Virus
  6. Prevention
    1. See Prevention of Vector-borne Infection
  7. References
    1. Della-Giustina, Fox and Siegel (2021) Crit Dec Emerg Med 35(4): 17-23
    2. Edlow (1999) Ann Emerg Med 33:680-93 [PubMed]
    3. Gayle (2001) Am Fam Physician 64(3):461-6 [PubMed]
    4. Spach (1993) N Engl J Med 329:936-47 [PubMed]
    5. Taege (2000) Cleve Clin J Med 67:241-9 [PubMed]

Mosquito-borne infectious disease (C0521831)

Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
SnomedCT 4730003
English Mosquito-borne disease, NOS, Mosquito-borne infectious disease (disorder), Mosquito-borne infectious disease (navigational concept), Mosquito-borne infectious disease, Mosquito-borne infectious disease, NOS
Spanish enfermedad infecciosa transmitida por mosquitos (concepto para navegación), enfermedad infecciosa transmitida por mosquitos (trastorno), enfermedad infecciosa transmitida por mosquitos, enfermedad infecciosa transportada por mosquito (trastorno), enfermedad infecciosa transportada por mosquito
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)

Vector-borne transmission of infection (C0854463)

Concepts Pathologic Function (T046)
Italian Trasmissione di infezione mediata da vettore
Japanese 節足動物媒介性伝播, セッソクドウブツバイカイセイデンパ
Czech Přenos infekce prostřednictvím vektoru
English Vector-borne transmission of infection
Hungarian vector-által terjesztett fertőzés
Portuguese Transmissão da infecção por meio de vector
Spanish Transmisión de la infección por vectores
Dutch vectoriële overdracht van infectie
French Transmission par un vecteur
German durch einen Vektor uebertragene Infektion
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)

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