Infectious Disease Book


Antibiotic Food Interactions

Aka: Antibiotic Food Interactions
  1. Preparations: Antibiotics to take with food
    1. Food may reduce gastrointestinal upset
      1. Augmentin
      2. Chloroquine
      3. Erythromycin
      4. Ethambutol
      5. Ethionamide
      6. Hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil)
      7. Ketoconazole
      8. Methenamine
      9. Metronidazole (Flagyl)
      10. Nalidixic Acid
      11. Niclosamide
      12. Praziquantel
      13. Primaquine
      14. Pyrimethamine
      15. Quinacrine (with food and full glass of water)
      16. Quinine
      17. Rifabutin
      18. Sulfasalazine (may require Folic Acid supplement)
      19. Thiabendazole
    2. Food increases absorption or bioavailability
      1. Atovaquone (Mepron)
      2. Cefuroxime (Ceftin)
      3. Cefpodoxime (Vantin)
      4. Clofazimine
      5. Griseofulvin (take with fatty meal)
      6. Itraconazole (Sporanox)
      7. Mebendazole (Chew or crush tablet)
      8. Mefloquine (with food and a full glass of water)
      9. Nitrofurantoin
  2. Preparations: Antibiotics to take on an empty Stomach
    1. Food decreases or delays absorption
      1. Ampicillin
      2. Azithromycin
      3. Carbenicillin
      4. Chloramphenicol
      5. Ciprofloxacin
      6. Cloxacillin
      7. Dicloxacillin
      8. Didanosine
      9. Enoxacin
      10. Isoniazid (may take with food if GI upset occurs)
      11. Lincomycin
      12. Loracarbef (Lorabid)
      13. Nafcillin
      14. Norfloxacin
      15. Floxin
      16. Oxacillin
      17. Penicillin G
      18. Piperazine
      19. Rifampin (may require Vitamin D Supplementation)
      20. Sulfonamides (with a full glass of water)
      21. Tetracycline (no food or milk within 3 hours)
      22. Zidovudine (may take with food other than fatty meal)
      23. Zalcitabine (ddc)

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