Hematology and Oncology Book


Plant Alkaloid Chemotherapy

Aka: Plant Alkaloid Chemotherapy
  1. Mechanism
    1. Vinca alkaloids
      1. Inhibits mitosis (metaphase arrest)
      2. Cause disassembly of microtubules
    2. Podophyllotoxins
      1. Block cells in S-G2 phase of cell cycle
      2. DNA degradation
      3. Nucleoside transport inhibition
      4. Mitochondrial electron transport inhibition
  2. Agents
    1. Periwinkle Plant (Vinca rosea) derivative
      1. Vinblastine (Velban)
      2. Vincristine (Oncovin)
    2. Mayapple plant (Podophyllum peltatum) derivative
      1. Etoposide (VP-16)
      2. Teniposide (VM-26)

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