Human Immunodeficiency Virus Book


  • Pulmonary manifestations of HIV


Pulmonary manifestations of HIV

Aka: Pulmonary manifestations of HIV, HIV related pulmonary complications
  1. See Also
    1. HIV Complications
  2. Epidemiology
    1. HIV and Tobacco abuse both play major roles in the increased risk of COPD and Lung Cancer in HIV patients
      1. Collini (2016) Curr Opin Infect Dis 29(1):31-8 +PMID:26555039 [PubMed]
  3. Causes: General causes lung infection in HIV
    1. Typical Bacterial Pneumonia occurs in HIV patients
      1. Pneumococcal Pneumonia
      2. HaemophilusInfluenzae
    2. Tuberculosis occurs in advanced HIV with CD4 < 500
    3. Pneumocystis occurs in advanced HIV with CD4 < 200
  4. Causes: Cavitary Lesions
    1. Tuberculosis
    2. Aspergillus
    3. Pneumocystis carinii
    4. Pneumococcus
    5. Cryptococcus neoformans
    6. Rhodococcus equi
    7. Gram Negative Bacilli (especially Pseudomonas)
  5. Causes: Nodular lesions
    1. Cryptococcus
    2. Histoplasmosis
    3. Tuberculosis
    4. Pneumocystis carinii
    5. Bacterial Pneumonia
    6. Malignancies
      1. Kaposi's Sarcoma
      2. Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
  6. Causes: Hilar Adenopathy
    1. Tuberculosis
    2. Kaposi's Sarcoma
    3. Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
    4. Pneumocystis carinii (Uncommon)
  7. Causes: Pleural Effusion
    1. Tuberculosis
    2. Fungal Pneumonia
    3. Kaposi's Sarcoma
    4. Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
  8. Prevention
    1. Tobacco Cessation
    2. Pneumococcal Vaccine
    3. Influenza Vaccine
  9. References
    1. Chu (2017) Am Fam Physician 96(3): 161-9 [PubMed]

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