Human Immunodeficiency Virus Book


Genotypic Antiretroviral Resistance Testing

Aka: Genotypic Antiretroviral Resistance Testing, Phenotypic Antiretroviral Resistance Testing, Antiretroviral Resistance Test
  1. Indications
    1. Test HIV Type for Anti-retroviral resistance
      1. HIV drug resistance is common even at HIV onset
      2. Little (2002) N Engl J Med 347:385-94 [PubMed]
    2. Recommended for all patients entering initial HIV Antiretroviral therapy
    3. HIV patients failing therapy
    4. Assists in developing effective treatment regimens
  2. Tests
    1. Genotypic Antiretroviral Resistance Testing (GART)
      1. Virus tested for mutations conferring resistance
    2. Phenotypic Antiretroviral Resistance Testing (PART)
      1. Currently experimental testing (2001)

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