Gastroenterology Book


Nausea Causes

Aka: Nausea Causes, Vomiting Causes
  1. See Also
    1. Vomiting
    2. Vomiting History
    3. Vomiting Causes in Children
    4. Vomiting in Cancer
    5. Vomiting in Pregnancy
    6. Psychogenic Vomiting
    7. Medication Induced Vomiting
  2. Causes: Neurologic
    1. Migraine Headache
    2. Vertigo
      1. Meniere's Disease
      2. Motion Sickness
      3. Labyrinthitis or Vestibular Neuronitis
      4. Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV)
    3. Meningitis
    4. Seizure Disorder
    5. Demyelinating disease
    6. Increased Intracranial Pressure
      1. Cerebral Lesion (often Projectile Vomiting)
      2. Congenital malformation
      3. Hydrocephalus
      4. Pseudotumor Cerebri
      5. Intracranial Hemorrhage
      6. Closed Head Injury
  3. Causes: Metabolic
    1. Renal Failure (Uremia)
    2. Liver Failure or Cirrhosis
    3. Metabolic Acidosis
    4. Adrenal Insufficiency (Addison's Disease)
    5. Acute intermittent porphyria
    6. Poisoning or Medication induced
      1. See Medication Induced Vomiting
      2. Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
      3. Radiation exposure
      4. Arsenic Poisoning
      5. Ricin Poisoning
      6. Organophosphate Poisoning
    7. Thyroid and Parathyroid conditions
      1. Hyperthyroidism
      2. Hypoparathyroidism
      3. Hyperparathyroidism
    8. Diabetes Mellitus
      1. Diabetic Ketoacidosis
    9. Pregnancy
      1. See Vomiting in Pregnancy (Morning Sickness)
      2. See Hyperemesis Gravidarum
    10. Electrolyte Abnormalities
      1. Hyponatremia
      2. Hypercalcemia
      3. Hyperkalemia
  4. Causes: Gastrointestinal
    1. Obstruction
      1. Gastric Outlet Obstruction or Pyloric Stenosis
      2. Small Bowel Obstruction
      3. Intussusception
      4. Strangulated Hernia
      5. Volvulus
    2. Functional Conditions
      1. Paralytic Ileus
      2. Irritable Bowel Syndrome
      3. Gastroparesis
      4. Non-ulcer Dyspepsia
      5. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
    3. Acute inflammatory or infectious conditions
      1. Appendicitis
      2. Ruptured viscus
      3. Peritonitis
      4. Cholecystitis or Biliary Colic
      5. Acute Pancreatitis
      6. Peptic Ulcer Disease
    4. Post-operative gastric surgery changes
      1. Bariatric Surgery
      2. Nissen Fundoplication
    5. Miscellaneous Conditions
      1. Gastroenteritis (Adenovirus, Norwalk, Rotavirus)
      2. Food Poisoning
      3. Acute Hepatitis
      4. Cirrhosis
      5. Crohn's Disease
      6. Pancreatic Cancer
      7. Mesenteric Ischemia
  5. Causes: Psychogenic
    1. See Psychogenic Vomiting
    2. Mood Disorder (e.g. Anxiety Disorder or Depression)
    3. Eating Disorder (e.g. Anorexia Nervosa or Bulimia)
    4. Conversion Disorder
  6. Causes: Miscellaneous
    1. Pregnancy
    2. Febrile illness
    3. Myocardial Infarction
    4. Congestive Heart Failure
    5. Myocardial Ischemia or infarction
    6. Otitis Media
    7. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
    8. Acute Glaucoma
    9. Sepsis
    10. Cyclic Vomiting (abdominal Migraine)
    11. Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting
  7. Causes: Genitourinary
    1. Acute Nephritis
    2. Urinary Tract Infection including Pyelonephritis
    3. Nephrolithiasis
    4. Testicular Torsion
    5. Ovarian Torsion
  8. References
    1. Degowin (1987) Diagnostic Exam, Macmillan, p. 526-7
    2. Feldman (1998) Sleisenger Gastrointestinal, p. 117-126
    3. Friedman (1991) Medical Diagnosis, Little Brown, p. 174
    4. Heilenbach in Marx (2002) Rosen's Emergency Med, p. 178
    5. Anderson (2013) Am Fam Physician 88(6): 371-9 [PubMed]
    6. Quigley (2001) Gastroenterology 120(1):263-86 [PubMed]
    7. Scorza (2007) Am Fam Physician 76:76-84 [PubMed]

Nausea (C0027497)

Definition (CCC) Distaste for food/fluids and an urge to vomit
Definition (NCI_CTCAE) A disorder characterized by a queasy sensation and/or the urge to vomit.
Definition (NCI_NCI-GLOSS) A feeling of sickness or discomfort in the stomach that may come with an urge to vomit. Nausea is a side effect of some types of cancer therapy.
Definition (NCI) Upper abdominal discomfort associated with an urge to vomit.(NICHD)
Definition (NAN) A subjective unpleasant, wavelike sensation in the back of the throat, epigastrium, or abdomen that may lead to the urge or need to vomit
Definition (MSH) An unpleasant sensation in the stomach usually accompanied by the urge to vomit. Common causes are early pregnancy, sea and motion sickness, emotional stress, intense pain, food poisoning, and various enteroviruses.
Definition (CSP) unpleasant sensation in the stomach usually accompanied by the urge to vomit.
Concepts Sign or Symptom (T184)
MSH D009325
ICD10 R11.0
SnomedCT 207111007, 422587007, 73879007, 300576004, 158421000, 272043005, 162060000, 139330007, 139334003, 162055004
LNC LP36327-2, MTHU013524, LA15098-9
English Nausea, FEELING QUEASY, Feeling bilious, Feeling queasy, Feeling sick, [D]Nausea, C/O - nausea, Nausea symptoms, [D]Nausea (context-dependent category), Nauseated, Nausea (finding), Observation of nausea, Nauseous, nausea (symptom), nausea, Queasy, Nausea NOS, Nausea [Disease/Finding], rndx nausea, rndx nausea (diagnosis), feeling sick, nausea symptom, feel sick, nausea symptoms, sick feeling, symptom nausea, nauseous, symptoms nausea, nauseated, queasy, nauseas, nauseating, [D]Nausea (situation), Finding of nausea (finding), Nausea (disorder), Finding of nausea, Nausea NOS (finding), NAUSEA
Dutch misselijk, onpasselijk gevoel, onpasselijk, nausea, Misselijkheid
French Sensation de mal au coeur, Mal au coeur, Nauséeux, NAUSEES, Nausées, GUEULE DE BOIS, Nausée
German an Uebelkeit leidend, sich uebel fuehlen, uebel, an Uebelkeit leiden, UEBELKEIT, UNBEHAGLICHKEITSGEFUEHL, Uebelkeit, Nausea, Übelkeit
Italian Sentirsi nauseato, Nauseante, Nauseato, Nausea
Portuguese Sensação de má disposição, Mal disposto, Nauseado, Nauseoso, Náusea, NAUSEAS, SENTIR-SE NAUSEADO, Náuseas, Enjoo, Ânsia de Vômito
Spanish Nauseoso, Sentirse mareado, náuseas, nauseoso, [D]náuseas (categoría dependiente del contexto), observación de náuseas, náuseas (hallazgo), Náusea, NAUSEAS, SENSACION DE DEBILIDAD, Ansia nauseosa, náusea, SAI, náusea, SAI (hallazgo), hallazgo de náusea, hallazgo de náusea (hallazgo), Nausea NOS, [D]náuseas, [D]náuseas (situación), Náuseas, Ganas de Vomitar
Japanese 悪心, 嘔気, 吐き気, オウキ, オシン, ハキケ
Swedish Illamående
Czech nauzea, Nevolnost, Pocit nevolnosti
Finnish Pahoinvointi
Polish Mdłości, Nudności
Hungarian Nausea, Émelygésérzés, Hányinger, Émelygés, Nauzea
Croatian MUČNINA
Norwegian Kvalme
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)

Vomiting (C0042963)

Definition (ICF-CY) Functions of moving food or liquid in the reverse direction to ingestion, from stomach to oesophagus to mouth and out, such as in gastro-esophegeal reflux, recurrent vomiting, pyloric stenosis.
Definition (CCC) Expulsion of stomach contents through the mouth
Definition (NCI_CTCAE) A disorder characterized by the reflexive act of ejecting the contents of the stomach through the mouth.
Definition (NCI_NCI-GLOSS) To eject some or all of the contents of the stomach through the mouth.
Definition (NCI) Forceful ejection of the contents of the stomach through the mouth.(NICHD)
Definition (MSH) The forcible expulsion of the contents of the STOMACH through the MOUTH.
Definition (CSP) forcible expulsion of stomach contents through the mouth.
Concepts Sign or Symptom (T184)
MSH D014839
ICD10 R11.1, R11.10
SnomedCT 207113005, 207112000, 422400008, 249497008, 15387003, 162063003, 236082001, 139342002, 139335002, 158423002, 162061001, 139337005, 158422007, 162067002, 300359004
LNC LP75931-3, MTHU013530, LA15099-7
English Emesis, Vomiting, EMESIS, Being sick, Throwing up, Vomiting NOS, [D]Emesis, [D]Vomiting, [D]Emesis (context-dependent category), [D]Vomiting (context-dependent category), Vomiting disorder, Vomiting symptoms, Vomiting (disorder), vomiting (symptom), vomiting, vomiting (physical finding), vomiting was observed, Vomited, Vomiting, unspecified, Vomiting [Disease/Finding], vomited, vomits, symptoms vomiting, throw up, vomiting symptoms, Vomiting NOS (finding), Vomiting disorder (disorder), [D]Vomiting (situation), Vomiting NOS (disorder), Vomiting (finding), [D]Emesis (situation), VOMITING, emesis, vomit, Observation of vomiting, Finding of vomiting (finding), Finding of vomiting, gastric contents; regurgitation, regurgitation; gastric contents, Vomiting, NOS, throwing up, Vomiting symptoms (disorder), Vomiting symptom (finding), Vomiting symptom
French VOMISSEMENT, Vomi, Vomissement SAI, Vomissement
German ERBRECHEN, erbrach, Erbrechen NNB, EMESIS, Emesis, Erbrechen, Vomitus
Spanish síntoma de vómito (hallazgo), síntoma de vómito, Vómitos NEOM, emesis, síntomas de vómito, síntomas de vómito (trastorno), vómitos, [D]emesis (categoría dependiente del contexto), vómitos (trastorno), [D]vómitos (categoría dependiente del contexto), EMESIS, VOMITOS, hallazgo relacionado con el vómito, vómito - hallazgo, hallazgo relacionado con el vómito (hallazgo), vómito - hallazgo (hallazgo), vómito - observación, [D]vómitos, Vomiting NOS, [D]vómitos (situación), vómitos, SAI (trastorno), [D]emesis, vómito, vómitos, SAI, vómito (trastorno), [D]emesis (situación), vómitos, SAI (hallazgo), descompostura con vómitos, vómito, SAI, Emesis, Vómitos
Dutch braken NAO, emesis, gebraakt, maaginhoud; regurgitatie, regurgitatie; maaginhoud, braken, Braken, Emesis
Italian Vomitato, Vomito NAS, Emesi, Vomito
Portuguese Vómitos NE, Emese, Vomitado, EMESIS, VOMITOS, Vómito, Vômito, Êmese
Japanese 嘔吐NOS, オウトNOS, オウト, 嘔吐
Swedish Kräkning
Czech zvracení, Zvracení, Zvracení NOS
Finnish Oksentaminen
Polish Wymiotowanie, Wymioty
Hungarian Vomitus, Hányt, Hányás k.m.n., Emesis
Norwegian Oppkast, Vomitus, Emesis
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)

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