Gastroenterology Book


Pancreatitis Causes

Aka: Pancreatitis Causes, Acute Pancreatitis Causes
  1. See Also
    1. Pancreatitis
    2. Medication Causes of Pancreatitis
  2. Causes: Most common
    1. Adults
      1. Cholelithiasis, Choledocholithiasis or Gallstone Pancreatitis (Up to 60-70% of cases in the United States)
      2. Chronic Alcohol Abuse (35% of cases)
        1. Alcoholics also suffer from gallstone Pancreatitis (Ultrasound for Gallstones)
      3. Hypertriglyceridemia (10% of cases)
    2. Children
      1. Infection (e.g. Mumps, Viral Hepatitis, Coxsackievirus, Ascariasis, Mycoplasma)
      2. Abdominal Trauma (e.g. handlebar injury)
  3. Causes: Gastrointestinal
    1. Cholelithiasis or Gallstone Pancreatitis (up to 60-70% of cases in the United States)
    2. Abdominal Trauma or surgery
    3. Following Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)
    4. Peptic Ulcer perforation
    5. Hereditary Pancreatitis
    6. Pancreas divisum
    7. Ampulla of Vater Obstructed (e.g. Regional Enteritis)
    8. Sphincter of odi dysfunction
    9. Abdominal Trauma (1.5% of cases)
    10. Pancreatic Ductal Carcinoma
  4. Causes: Endocrine
    1. Hypertriglyceridemia (esp. if Triglycerides >500-1000, may be related to uncontrolled or undiagnosed Diabetes)
    2. Hypercalcemia (e.g. hypervitaminosis D, Hyperparathyroidism, Total Parenteral Nutrition)
    3. Renal Failure
    4. Cystic Fibrosis (Chronic Pancreatitis)
    5. Hemochromatosis (Chronic Pancreatitis)
  5. Causes: Infection
    1. Mumps
    2. Viral Hepatitis
    3. Coxsackievirus
    4. Ascariasis
    5. Mycoplasma
  6. Causes: Medications and toxins (<2% of cases)
    1. See Medication Causes of Pancreatitis
    2. Alcohol Abuse or Alcoholic Pancreatitis (35% of cases)
    3. Toxins include Snake Bites and Scorpion bites
  7. Causes: Vasculitis
    1. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)
    2. Necrotizing angiitis
    3. Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (TTP)
  8. References
    1. Mitchell (2003) Lancet 361:1447-55 [PubMed]
    2. Oppenlander (2022) Am Fam Physician 106(1): 44-50 [PubMed]
    3. Swaroop (2004) JAMA 291:2865-8 [PubMed]
    4. Tenner (2004) Am J Gastroenterol 99:2489-94 [PubMed]
    5. Quinlan (2014) Am Fam Physician 90(9): 632-9 [PubMed]

You are currently viewing the original '\legacy' version of this website. Internet Explorer 8.0 and older will automatically be redirected to this legacy version.

If you are using a modern web browser, you may instead navigate to the newer desktop version of fpnotebook. Another, mobile version is also available which should function on both newer and older web browsers.

Please Contact Me as you run across problems with any of these versions on the website.

Navigation Tree