Gastroenterology Book


Diarrhea in Pregnancy

Aka: Diarrhea in Pregnancy
  1. See Also
    1. Diarrhea
    2. Gastrointestinal Medications in Pregnancy
  2. Evaluation
    1. See Diarrhea
  3. Management: Symptomatic
    1. Medications safe in pregnancy
      1. Loperamide (Imodium)
        1. Possibly associated with fetal cardiac malformation
        2. Avoid in first trimester
      2. Simethicone (synergistic effect with Loperamide)
      3. Fiber supplementation with Psyllium (Metamucil)
    2. Medications to avoid in pregnancy
      1. Kaolin-pectin (Kaopectate)
        1. Was considered antidiarrheal of choice in pregnancy
        2. New formulation contains bismuth and Aspirin (see below)
      2. Bismuth Subsalicylate
        1. Risk of Salicylate absorption
      3. Atropine-Diphenoxylate (Lomotil)
  4. References
    1. Black (2003) Am Fam Physician 67(12):2517-24 [PubMed]
    2. Larimore (2000) Prim Care 27(1):35-53 [PubMed]

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