Ophthalmology Book


Medication Causes of Uveitis

Aka: Medication Causes of Uveitis, Medication Causes of Iritis, Drug-Induced Uveitis, Drug-Induced Iritis
  1. See Also
    1. Uveitis (or Iritis)
  2. Epidemiology
    1. Medications are an uncommon to rare cause of Uveitis or Iritis
  3. Symptoms
    1. Onset in days to months after exposure
    2. Systemic medications may paradoxically result in unilateral Uveitis
  4. Causes: Ocular Agents
    1. Intravitreal
      1. Anti-Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (Anti-VEGF)
      2. Cidofovir (may also occur with systemic use)
    2. Topical
      1. Brimonidine
      2. Metipranolol
      3. Prostaglandins
  5. Causes: Endocrine Agents
    1. Bisphosphonates
  6. Causes: Antimicrobials
    1. Cidofovir
    2. Moxifloxacin (Avelox)
    3. Rifabutin
    4. Sulfonamides
  7. Causes: Vaccines
    1. BCG vaccine
    2. Hepatitis B Vaccine
    3. Influenza Vaccine
    4. MMR Vaccine
    5. Varicella Vaccine
  8. References
    1. Harman (2014) Am Fam Physician 90(10): 711-6 [PubMed]
    2. London (2013) J Ophthalmic Inflamm Infect 3(1): 43 [PubMed]

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