Emergency Medicine Book


Hypothermia Causes

Aka: Hypothermia Causes, Secondary Hypothermia
  1. See Also
    1. Hypothermia
    2. Hypothermia Management
    3. Rewarming Methods in Hypothermia
    4. Hypothermia Management in the Wilderness
  2. Causes: Environmental exposure
    1. Cold water immersion or Submersion
    2. Cold Exposure
  3. Causes: Altered Thermoregulation
    1. Endocrinopathy
      1. Hypothyroidism including Myxedema Coma
      2. Adrenal Insufficiency
      3. Pituitary or Hypothalamus dysfunction
      4. Diabetic Ketoacidosis (or Alcoholic Ketoacidosis)
      5. Lactic Acidosis
    2. Central neurologic disorders
      1. Acute Head Trauma
      2. Cerebrovascular Accident
      3. Brain Tumor
      4. Wernicke's Encephalopathy
      5. Parkinsonism
      6. Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
    3. Peripheral neurologic disorders
      1. Spinal Cord Transection
      2. Neuropathy
    4. Miscellaneous causes
      1. Anorexia Nervosa
      2. Shivering impaired (e.g. medications)
      3. Hypoglycemia or Malnutrition
      4. Extremes of age (very young or very old)
  4. Causes: Increased Heat Loss
    1. Septic Shock and other shock states
    2. Dermatitis
      1. Severe Burn Injury
      2. Severe skin exfoliation
      3. Severe Psoriasis
    3. Iatrogenic
      1. Therapeutic Hypothermia
      2. Over-correction of Heat Illness
      3. Cold fluid infusion
  5. Causes: Substances
    1. Impact both increased heat loss and altered Thermoregulation
    2. Alcohol Intoxication
    3. Phenothiazines
    4. Benzodiazepines or Barbiturates
  6. References
    1. Brown (2012) N Engl J Med 367:1930-8 [PubMed]

[D]Hypothermia, of non-environmental cause (C0476216)

Concepts Sign or Symptom (T184)
SnomedCT 206787000, 158181009
English Hypothermia, of non-environmental cause, Hypothermia,non-environment, [D]Hypothermia, of non-environmental cause (context-dependent category), [D]Hypothermia, of non-environmental cause, [D]Hypothermia,non-environment, [D]Hypothermia, of non-environmental cause (situation)
Spanish [D]hipotermia de causa no ambiental (categoría dependiente del contexto), [D]hipotermia de causa no ambiental, [D]hipotermia de causa no ambiental (situación)
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)

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