Dermatology Book


Annular Lesion

Aka: Annular Lesion, Annular Ring, Ringed Skin Lesion
  1. Signs: Ring-shaped or Annular Lesion
    1. Characteristics
      1. Circular or oval Macule or patch
      2. Erythematous outer border
      3. Central clearing
  2. Causes: Common
    1. Tinea Corporis or Ringworm (most common adult cause)
    2. Pityriasis Rosea
    3. Urticaria
    4. Erythema Annulare Centrifugum
    5. Erythema Chronicum Migrans (Lyme Disease)
    6. Erythema Multiforme
    7. Plaque Psoriasis or Pustular Psoriasis
    8. Nummular Eczema
    9. Annular Lichen Planus
  3. Causes: Uncommon
    1. Fixed Drug Eruption
    2. Granuloma Annulare
    3. Henoch-Schonlein Purpura (IgA Vasculitis)
    4. Leprosy (Hansen's Disease)
    5. Erythema Marginatum (Rheumatic Fever)
    6. Sarcoidosis
    7. Secondary Syphilis
    8. Subacute Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus
      1. Lesion seen in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
  4. Labs
    1. Potassium Hydroxide slide preparation
      1. Evaluate for Fungal Skin Infection
    2. Biopsy Indications
      1. Pityriasis Rosea lasting longer than 3 months
      2. Individual Urticarial lesions that last longer than 24 hours
        1. Evaluate for Leukocytoclastic Vasculitis
      3. Suspected uncommon cause
        1. IgA Vasculitis
        2. Sarcoidosis
        3. Leprosy
    3. PCR or Serology Indications
      1. Erythema Migrans (Lyme Disease)
        1. Clinical diagnosis if typical findings are present
      2. Rapid Plasma Reagin or RPR (Secondary Syphilis)
      3. Antinuclear Antibody
  5. Management: Empiric Therapy for Common Causes
    1. General Measures
      1. Skin Lubricants
      2. Antihistamines
      3. Eliminate possible causes (e.g. new medications, topical irritants or allergans)
    2. Antifungal indications
      1. Tinea Corporis
        1. First line: Clotrimazole
        2. Second-line: Butenafine, Naftifine
    3. Corticosteroid indications
      1. Plaque Psoriasis or Pustular Psoriasis
        1. First-line: Potent Topical Corticosteroids (Clobetasol or Fluocinonide ointment)
        2. Second-line: Calcipotriene or Tazarotene, UVA/UVB, Biologic agents
      2. Lichen Planus
        1. Purple, planar, polygonal, pruritic Papules and Plaques (6Ps) on ankle, volar wrist, Oral Mucosa
        2. First-line: Potent Topical Corticosteroids (Clobetasol or Fluocinonide ointment) or Systemic Corticosteroids
        3. Second-line: UVA/UVB
      3. Nummular Eczema
        1. First-Line: Skin Lubricants
        2. Second-Line: Topical Corticosteroids
      4. Pityriasis Rosea
        1. First-Line: No treatment modifies course consistently
        2. Pruritus symptomatic management: Topical Corticosteroids, Antihistamines
    4. Antibiotic indications
      1. Suspected Erythema Migrans (Lyme Disease)
        1. Lesions >5 cm up to 20 cm, 3-30 days after Tick Bite in endemic areas)
        2. Doxycycline is preferred (Amoxicillin and Cefuroxime have also been used)
    5. Antiviral indications
      1. Erythema Multiforme
        1. Valtrex (or other antiviral) if recurrent episodes (up to 90% may be due to HSV)
      2. Pityriasis Rosea
        1. Acyclovir may be effective (HSV is among possible causes)
        2. Ganguly (2014) J Clin Diagn Res 8(5): YC01-YCO4 [PubMed]
        3. Rassai (2011) J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 25(1): 24-6 [PubMed]
    6. UVA/UVB indications
      1. Plaque Psoriasis or Pustular Psoriasis
      2. Lichen Planus
      3. Pityriasis Rosea
        1. UVB May be effective
        2. Valkova (2004) J Eur Acad Dermatol, Venereol 18(1): 111-2 [PubMed]
  6. References
    1. Hsu (2001) Am Fam Physician 64(2):289-96 [PubMed]
    2. Nopper (1998) Pediatr Ann 27:136-48 [PubMed]
    3. Trayes (2018) Am Fam Physician 98(5): 283-91 [PubMed]

annular skin lesions (C2228040)

Definition (NCI) A ring-shaped skin finding with clear central area.
Concepts Finding (T033)
English annular skin lesions (symptom), lesions annular, annular skin lesions, annular skin lesions as symptom, annular skin lesions (physical finding), annular lesions, Annular Lesion
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)

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