Cardiovascular Medicine Book


Heart Valve Disorder

Aka: Heart Valve Disorder, Heart Valve Disease, Acute Valvular Dysfunction, Acute Valvular Disorder
  1. See Also
    1. Heart Valve Anatomy
    2. Prosthetic Heart Valve
  2. Causes
    1. Acute Valvular Dysfunction
      1. Aortic Stenosis
      2. Acute Mitral Valve Regurgitation (i.e. acute MI with papillary Muscle rupture)
      3. Prosthetic Heart Valve complication (e.g. Thromboembolism, valvular obstruction)
      4. Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (esp. young patients)
    2. Chronic Valvular Dysfunction
      1. Aortic Stenosis
      2. Aortic Regurgitation (Aortic Insufficiency)
      3. Mitral Stenosis
      4. Mitral Regurgitation
      5. Mitral Valve Prolapse
    3. Congenital Disorders
      1. See Congenital Heart Disease
  3. Symptoms: Presentations
    1. Dyspnea (most common)
    2. Syncope
    3. Angina

Heart valve disease (C0018824)

Definition (MSHCZE) Patologické stavy, týkající se různých částí SRDEČNÍ CHLOPNĚ a dalších souvisejících struktur (PAPILÁRNÍ SVALY a CHORDAE TENDINEAE).
Definition (MEDLINEPLUS)

Your heart has four valves. Normally, these valves open to let blood flow through or out of your heart, and then shut to keep it from flowing backward. But sometimes they don't work properly. If they don't, you could have

  • Regurgitation - when blood leaks back through the valve in the wrong direction
  • Mitral valve prolapse - when one of the valves, the mitral valve, has "floppy" flaps and doesn't close tightly. It's one of the most common heart valve conditions. Sometimes it causes regurgitation.
  • Stenosis - when the valve doesn't open enough and blocks blood flow

Valve problems can be present at birth or caused by infections, heart attacks, or heart disease or damage. The main sign of heart valve disease is an unusual heartbeat sound called a heart murmur. Your doctor can hear a heart murmur with a stethoscope. But many people have heart murmurs without having a problem. Heart tests can show if you have a heart valve disease. Some valve problems are minor and do not need treatment. Others might require medicine, medical procedures, or surgery to repair or replace the valve.

NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

Definition (NCI) Any heart disorder characterized by a defect in valve structure or function.
Definition (CSP) condition in which there is a deviation from or interruption of the normal functioning of heart valves.
Definition (MSH) Pathological conditions involving any of the various HEART VALVES and the associated structures (PAPILLARY MUSCLES and CHORDAE TENDINEAE).
Concepts Disease or Syndrome (T047)
MSH D006349
SnomedCT 195013005, 368009
English Disease, Heart Valve, Diseases, Heart Valve, Heart Valve Diseases, Valve Disease, Heart, Valve Diseases, Heart, heart valve disorder, HEART VALVE DISORDERS, Valvular Heart Disorder, HEART VALVE DIS, Heart valve disease, valvular heart disease (diagnosis), valvular heart disease, cardiac valve disorder, Valvular heart disease NOS, Heart valve disorders, Heart Valve Disease, Heart Valve Diseases [Disease/Finding], diseases heart valve, heart valve disease, valvular heart diseases, disease heart valvular, heart valve diseases, heart valve disorders, cardiac valvulopathy, disease heart valves, disorders heart valve, disease heart valve, cardiac valvular disease, heart valvular disease, valve heart disease, Cardiac valve disorders, Disease, Valvular Heart, Diseases, Valvular Heart, Heart Diseases, Valvular, Valvular Heart Disease, Valvular Heart Diseases, Heart Disease, Valvular, Valvulopathy, Valvular heart disease (disorder), Cardiac valvulopathy, Heart valves--Diseases, Disorder of Heart Valve, Heart Valve Disorder, Cardiac valve disease, Valvular heart disease, Disorder of heart valve, Heart valve disorder (disorder), Heart valve disorder, disease (or disorder); valve, Heart valve disease, NOS, Heart valve disorder, NOS, Valvular heart disease, NOS
Italian Patologie delle valvole cardiache, Valvulopatia cardiaca, Disturbi delle valvole cardiache, Cardiopatia valvolare NAS, Valvulopatie
Dutch hartklepaandoeningen, hartklepaandoening NAO, hartvalvulopathie, aandoening; klep, valvulair, aandoeningen van de hartklep, hartklepaandoening, Gebrek, hartklep-, Gebreken, hartklep-, Hartklepgebrek, Hartklepgebreken
French Valvulopathie cardiaque SAI, Maladies valvulaires cardiaques, CARDIOPATHIES VALVULAIRES, Maladies des valves cardiaques, Troubles des valvules cardiaques, Valvulopathie cardiaque, Valvulopathies
German Herzklappenerkrankugen, Herzklappenvitium NNB, kardiale Valvulopathie, HERZKLAPPENFEHLER, Erkrankungen der Herzklappen, Herzklappenerkrankung, Herzklappenkrankheiten
Portuguese Valvulopatias cardíacas, Valvulopatia NE, ALTERACOES DAS VALVULAS CARDIACAS, Doenças Valvares do Coração, Afecções de válvula cardíaca, Valvulopatia cardíaca, Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas, Doenças Valvares Cardíacas
Spanish Alteraciones valvulares cardiacas, Valvulopatía cardiaca, Cardiopatía valvular NEOM, VALVULA CARDIACA, TRASTORNO, valvulopatía (trastorno), valvulopatía, Enfermedad valvular cardiaca, Trastornos de las válvulas del corazón, Enfermedades de las Válvulas Cardíacas, Enfermedades Valvulares del Corazón
Japanese 弁膜性心疾患NOS, ベンマクセイシンシッカンNOS, シンゾウベンマクシッカン, 心臓弁膜障害, 心臓弁膜疾患, シンゾウベンマクショウガイ, シンゾウベンマクショウ, 心臓弁膜症, 弁膜性心疾患, 弁膜疾患, 弁膜症
Swedish Hjärtklaffsjukdomar
Finnish Läppäviat
Czech Srdeční valvulopatie, Chlopňové srdeční onemocnění NOS, Poruchy srdečních chlopní, Onemocnění srdeční chlopně, Poruchy srdeční chlopně, vady srdečních chlopní, onemocnění srdeční chlopně, srdce - nemoci chlopní, nemoci srdečních chlopní, onemocnění srdečních chlopní, chlopenní vady, chlopňové srdeční vady, chlopenní srdeční vady
Polish Choroby zastawek serca
Hungarian Szívbillentyű betegség, Szív valvularis betegség k.m.n., Szívbillentyű elváltozások, Szívbillentyű betegségek, Cardialis valvulopathia
Norwegian Hjerteklaffsykdommer, Sykdommer i hjerteklaffene
Derived from the NIH UMLS (Unified Medical Language System)

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