Cardiovascular Medicine Book


LDL Cholesterol

Aka: LDL Cholesterol, Low Density Lipoprotein
  1. See Also
    1. Hyperlipidemia
  2. Calculation (Accurate if Triglycerides < 400 mg/dl)
    1. LDL = Total Cholesterol - HDL - (Triglyceride / 5) or
    2. LDL = Total Cholesterol - HDL - VLDL
  3. Interpretation: Normal
    1. Range: under 160 mg/dl
    2. Normal range dependent on Cardiac Risk Factors
  4. Causes: Increased
    1. Primary hyperlipoproteinemia
    2. High fat diet
    3. Acute Myocardial Infarction
    4. Obstructive Liver Disease (Primary biliary Cirrhosis)
    5. Hypothyroidism
    6. Nephrotic Syndrome
    7. Diabetes Mellitus
    8. Anabolic Steroid use
    9. Medications
      1. Progestins
      2. Thiazide Diuretics
  5. Causes: Decreased
    1. Abetalipoproteinemia
    2. Advanced liver disease
    3. Malnutrition

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